In 1830 permission was granted from London to extend the cultivation of the opium poppy in India. By 1832 a report commented that “the monopoly of opium in Bengal su... ... middle of paper ... ...Edwin Drood (1870): its central character, John Jasper, is an opium addict who lives a seedy double life. The wonder-drug of the early nineteenth century was finally being recognised as a dangerously addictive substance, although the interests of imperial traders kept it legal for another five decades, until the Dangerous Drugs Act was passed in 1920. This Act made it illegal to possess opiates without a doctor’s prescription. Sources Berridge, Virginia and Griffith Edwards.
It had many important uses in its various forms and was spread all over the world because of its versatility. It was first used as medicine in early China as a medication for malaria, gout and rheumatism. It’s referenced in the 2737 BC writings of Emperor Shen Nung, and although they acknowledge the fact that it is an intoxicant, they felt the medicinal value was more important. Since the Koran bans the use of alcohol, the Muslims used pot as an allowed alternative and they also developed pot’s concentrated form, hashish. Marijuana spread through Persia and North Africa, from where it then spread to Europe (Narconon.org, n.pag).
Introduction to md 4002 dissertation: Grant Aitken Is cannabis use an independent risk factor for the development of psychosis? Cannabis or marijuana is an annual flowering herb of the Cannabaceae family, containing 3 major species C.Indica C.Sativa and C.Ruderalis. The two former species are of principal interest to those discussing Cannabis use due, to their widespread illicit usage. Cannabis has been cultivated from at least 6000BCE in what is now China. However the Cannabis plant was most likely as a textile when it became used as an intoxicant is less clear .
Marijuana has been used as an agent for achieving euphoria since ancient times (Narconon International, p. 1, para. 1). It was used in early Chinese culture as a medical component since as early as 2737 B.C (Narconon International, p. 1, para. 1). Its use began to spread across the pacific culture and finally ended up in Europe around 500 A.D. (Narconon International, p. 1).
At that time how ever heroin would be known as its chemically altered state of the poppy seeds. Even at that time however the ancient peoples of that time knew that if the poppy seeds juice were collected and dried. the extract that was left behind could make a effective painkiller. This would later be named opium. There were small incidents of it appearing in Europe, for instance it was used by the gladiators in the Roman Colosseum.
In 1545, the Spanish brought the plant to America. The cannabis plant was grown to produce fiber until it was replaced by cotton in the late 1800s. Between the 1850s and the 1940s, marijuana was used as a prescription drugs, as well as an intoxicant. In 1970, the government classified marijuana as a Schedule I controlled substance. This means that the drug have high potential for abuse with no accepted medical use.
Earlier, “the Spanish and Portuguese had a monopoly of the East Indies spice trade” (Landow, “The British East India Company”). The Dutch were aggressive, driving out English traders interested in the spice market. English influence on the spice trade in the East Indies was limited to one port on the southern coast of Sumatra (Spielvogel 421). Queen Elizabeth signed the charter of the East India Company on December 31st, 1600. Although the charter was “merely royal assent to a mercantile enterprise,” it was soon to lead to British dominance in India.
They used the spice trade route and entered India through Goa. Tobacco was intially used only by the aristocrats, but its use eventually spread to the masses. It was primarily used to smoke, but gradually, it was assimilated into the social and cultural fabric of India. The Yogaratnakara, a renowned treatise of Indian medicine, written between 1625 AD and 1750 AD talks about the medicinal properties of the tobacco plant. It is believed to help clean one's bowels, reduce itchiness of the skin and cure scorpion bites.
About five thousand years ago, the people of the plains of Central Asia began cultivating the plant for its oil and fiber. The United States was introduced to marijuana in the 16th century. It was brought over by the Spanish and British and used for its fiber. The plant’s intoxicating properties were only discovered in the late 19th century. It was used for the production of rope and cloth until the 20th century and now it is widely a drug used preferably for pleasure.
The Uses of the Hemp Plant Indigenous to Asia, the hemp plant, source of marijuana, has been a multi-purpose herb for centuries. Its narcotic use is generally believed to have originated in the Far Eastern portion of the world, with its earliest recorded use in China, more than 5000 years ago. It never really attained widespread use however, probably because the Chinese had more powerful psychoactive substances at their disposal. Marijuana's first use as a drug is generally attributed to Shen Nung, a Chinese emperor and pharmacist. He advocated the use of the plant as a sedative and an all-purpose medication.