Open Door Movement In The Philippines Summary

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1. Insurgent’s Revolt 1898
• The Insurgent’s Revolt was the Cuban revolt against Spain. Americans supported the Cubans and their fight for independence, so they tried to help them out. This ultimately led to the Spanish-American War where the Cubans were ultimately able to gain their independence.
2. Samuel “Golden Rule” Jones 1846-1904
• Samuel Jones was the Mayor of Toledo during the progressive era. Jones created the Ohio Oil Company which was bought by the Standard Oil Company. Joes was a strong advocate of the Golden Rule hence his nickname. He also believed in hard work and honesty. He built parks, enacted 8-hour work days, and helped fix the city government.
3. Open Door Policy 1899
• Open Door Policy was a policy created by John Hay,
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Emilio Aguinaldo 1899-1901
• Emilio Aguinaldo was a Philippine. He helped America fight during the Spanish-American War and in return he hoped for independence for the Philippines but ended up with no such luck. In anger Emilio decided to declare war on America, but he was captured by Americans and forced to accept American ways.
5. Spheres of Influence 1900
• Spheres of Influence are sections of a country in which a foreign has specific right in which another foreign country may not have in that same area. When the Open Door Policy of China was created it allowed foreign countries to export, and trade in china within their “Spheres of Influence”.
6. Big Stick Diplomacy 1901
• Big Stick Diplomacy was a concept developed by Theodore Roosevelt. He first used the term in 1901. Big Stick Diplomacy was Roosevelt’s policy for foreign affairs. The idea of Big Stick Diplomacy was for Roosevelt to explain the he was ready to use military force if need be. He wanted to intimidate other countries so it would be easier to get his way when working with foreign countries.
7. Insular Cases
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Anthracite Coal Strike 1902
• The Anthracite Coal Strike took place in 1902 in Pennsylvania. The strike was held by miners who wanted larger wages, shorter workdays, and for the United Mine Workers of America union to be recognized. The strike would have shut down the fuel supply to major cities during the winter, but Teddy Roosevelt intervened and stopped the strike. The strikes agreed to let the strike go as they were going to be paid more money for working fewer hours, but their union was not going to be recognized.
9. Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty 1903
• The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty was the treaty that allowed the United States to build the Panama Canal. After Panama gained independence they offered the United States a 10 mile strip of Panama for 10 million dollars plus .25 million dollars every year.
10. Northern Securities Case 1904
The Northern Securities Case was a Supreme Court case that established Theodore Roosevelt’s reputation as the Trust Buster. The Supreme Court case ruled in favor of Roosevelt, and forced the Northern Securities Company to shut down which angered many large businesses.
11. Roosevelt Corollary

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