One Child Policy Case Study

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The Chinese and Indian populations have grown exponentially over the last fifty years. Accompanied with this has been an increased and continuing desire for male children, which is referred to as son preference. This strong son preference has resulted in a disproportionate son ratio for both China and India, which results in a very disproportionate gender ratio. For both countries, there are several factors involved in the problem: cultural expectation, available technology, and long-term economic benefit, just to name a few. To combat the disproportionate gender ratio in China and India, it is necessary to approach the problem from several different angles; ones that will ultimately give women rights and methods to contribute to their family…show more content…
Directly prior to either of those factors entering the scene, the gender ratio was 1.06/1, an entirely normal number (Gu, Roy 3rd para.). By 1986, when the one child policy had been in place for seven years, and ultrasound available for about six, the gender ratio was 1.109/1(Hull 69). The one child policy was implanted as a method of population control. At the time, China was country with a population that was quickly increasing, and the government was concerned that the population would overwhelm available resources. Consequently, they implanted the one child policy, which, except for a few exceptions, limited couples to one child. More recently, as the negative impacts of this policy have become apparent, the policy has been relaxed and more exceptions allowed. In rural areas where the amount of people is less dense, couples can have more than one child. There are many articles explaining the purpose and results of the policy, one of which was, “The One Child Family Policy” by W. Zhu. In it, Zhu stated that a recent change was if two only children get married, they can have two children, one to replace the mother, and one to replace the father (463,464). China has always preferred males over females, but the one child policy really exacerbated the problem. There is also a significant amount of information regarding gender preference after the policy was in practice, and one such exam is an article titled, “The Consequences of Son Preference and Sex-Selective Abortion in China and Other Asian Countries” by Therese Hesketh, which greatly helped clarify the background information. In it she says that once parents were limited to only one child, they take much greater pains to get a boy, and used every means available to either prevent getting a girl, terminating a
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