China is the world's largest population, estimated to be around 1.24 billion in 1998. It grows at a rate of 1.3% per year or 44,100 people a day. There are now more people living in China than whole world 150 years ago. The population broke the billion mark in the 1982 census, the results of which provided the justification for the strict one-child policy which effectively curbed rapid population growth. In the 1990 census, China counted 1.133 billion people, over the next decades the world population will inevitably age.
In a little more than a decade China will be losing its title as the world’s most populous country. More importantly China’s demographic have been changing due to unpredictable population changes. The need for a male heir and the One Child Policy has caused china’s gender ratio to be imbalanced. Reason being men are usually the main income-earners because they are more employable and earn higher wages for the same work. Since male babies have a greater income potential, they are less likely to be killed.
China has a large population and the One-Child policy is what the government is using to try to control it. China has a population of more than 1.3 billion people which makes it the world’s most populated country. The world population is approximately 6.7 billion people, which means that China is about 20% of the world’s population, for every five people one is a Chinese resident . Having the One-Child Policy is causing a major gender imbalance in China because males are said to be more valuable to families having children. As well have equal effects on the economy there are shortages of workers also not enough brides for males.
Averaging the past few years, the annual birth rates have averaged about 21 million births, with a net increase of 14 million. (Yahoo News, p.1) "The plans for agriculture, industry, education, health, housing, and employment are all influenced by population size and population estimates for the future." (Seybolt, 209) In the country of China, an often-said phrase is: "Too many people, not enough land." (Mitchison, 23) This saying does indeed fit this specific nation with billions of citizen... ... middle of paper ... ...re packed into the cities when the society needs to be spreading out across the country. As a solution, why not let the Chinese populace know what is ultimately going to happen if they are not careful of how many children families have.
It has put a restriction on the number of children a family can have, which is one. This for some families who are wealthy enough isn’t a problem. China has also looked to importing food, but this has had a dramatic effect on the world’s trade prices. If China continues to import food the international prices will skyrocket resulting in developing countries being unable to import food. In addition to importing food China has also been researching and developing so called “super rice”.
The Chinese One Child Policy As China is having an enormous economic expansion it is also facing many problems. One of the major problems people have become more and more concerned about is the country's population. At the dawn of this century there were some 426 million people living in China. Today the population is about 1.2 billion. About two-thirds of this 900 million increase was added within the last 50 years.
The Chinese have always had a large population (Hsu 1). Even in ancient times where the population would never fall below sixty million (Hsu 1). Later, in the eighteenth century the population rose exceedingly and China became the strongest and most economically wealthy (Hsu 1). By the time the Qing Dynasty ruled, the fertile people of China had reached a population of three-hundred million (Hsu 1). The birthrate in China did decline in the nineteen-fifties due to campaigning by the government on birth control (Hsu 1).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau the world’s population consists, of more than 7 billion people. China resides as the world’s leading populated country with more than 1.3 billion people. Because, of this over population it maintained fears of their food, resources, and living spaces (International Data Base). The Chinese government then implemented the one-child policy to slow their growing population. The one-child policy has prevailed effectively in slowing down the population growth, but it has caused great anguish among Chinese families.
Many people disagree with the one-child policy because it infringes on the rights of couples and their choices to have children. Many western cultures such as the United States have activist groups, and charities that protest the law. Several American couples adopt Chinese orphans to give them a “better life”. In defense of the policy it has fulfilled its purpose and slowed the population growth of China. It is the responsibility of China’s government to ensure the future wellbeing of the country and prevent tragedies such as famine that would have been enviable with over population.
This paper will discuss the current situations regarding population growth and the resulting population issues, as well as what policies have been implementing to overcome population issues in China, India, and Japan. China currently has over 1.3 billion people (1,355,692,576 as of 2014), making China the most populous country in the world. The worlds current population is approximately 7.1 billion, this means that China makes up almost 20% of the world’s population therefore, one in every five people in the world resides in China. In the 1970s, China experienced an increase in population, which led politicians and population planners to bring about a way to reduce the family size and slow down this increasing population rate. China's fertility rate is 1.7, meaning, each woman gives birth to 1.7 children throughout her life.