On How the American Indians Were Removed from Their Land

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"One by one Indian peoples were removed to the West. The Delaware, the Ottawa, Shawnee, Pawnee and Potawatomi, the Sauk and Fox, Miami and Kickapoo, the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole. In all some 90 thousand Indians were relocated. The Cherokee were among the last to go. Some reluctantly agreed to move. Others were driven from their homes at bayonet point. Almost two thousands of them died along the route they remembered as the Trail of Tears." For decades, the state of Georgia sought to enforce its authority over the Cherokee Nation, but its efforts had little effect until the election of President Andrew Jackson, a longtime supporter of Indian removal. In 1838 the U.S. government forced the Cherokee Indians out of their land because the land was valuable. The moving of the fifteen thousand Indians was known as 1838 Removal. They were forced out of the lands of their forefathers to a new territory in Oklahoma. Traveling with thirteen groups of about one thousand people in each group, which started their journey in the autumn of 1838 and the journey ended in the winter of the next year. Through their struggles, the Indians faced many problems; not only along the way, but also when they got to the new land. Many Indians were killed on the journey, some from disease, hunger, and dehydration. Families were separated, and many tried to escape and hide in the mountains. This was one of the worst Indian discriminations by the white people, because it was unconstitutional, unfair, and inhumane. For hundreds of years the American Indians inhabited the land of their ancestors, they had learned many skills and appreciations with the land. They worshipped gods of nature and nature was what was most important to them. They enj... ... middle of paper ... ...ry-detail.aspx?entryID=2294. 4/14/14. Levy, Benjamen. Nps.gov: Determining the Facts. Web. http://www.npr.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/118trail/118facts3.htm. 4/15/14. Jones, Veda Boyd. Nellie the Brave. Barbour Publishing, Inc, 2006. Uhrichsville, OH. Ibid Ibid Ibid Ibid Ibid William G. Mcloughlin, After the Trail of Tears: The Cherokees Struggle for Sovreignty, 1880 (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press,1993) 11, http://www.questiaschool.com/read/54439692. 4/18/14. Alexis De Tocqueville, “Present and Future Condition of the Indians,” in the Removal of the Cherokee Nation: Manifest Destiny or National Dishonor? Ed. Louis Filler and Allen Guttmann (Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath, 1962), 86, http://www.questiaschools.com/read/804330. 4/18/14. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History: Andrew Jackson to the Cherokee Tribe, 1835.

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