Linda's father, Oliver Brown, tried to enroll her in the white elementary school, but the principal of the school refused. Brown went to McKinley Burnett, the head of Topeka's branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and asked for help. The NAACP was eager to assist the Browns, as it had long wanted to challenge segregation in public schools. Other black parents joined Brown, and, in 1951, the NAACP requested an injunction that would forbid the segregation of Topeka's public schools (NAACP). The U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas heard Brown's case from June 25-26, 1951.
Brown vs. Board Of Education As the Civil War ended and Slavery did, too, the question of African American’s freedom did not. African Americans had been given their freedom from slavery but not their freedom from segregation. In 1896 after the Plessy vs. Ferguson court case, the Supreme Court found that segregation, “separate but equal”, in public facilities was not against the Constitution. “Separate schools for blacks and whites became a basic rule in southern society.” All that was about to change. In Topeka, Kansas there was a little girl by the name of Linda Brown.
Brown vs. The Board of Education of Topeka 1954 Oliver Brown and 12 other plaintiffs (names undisclosed) brought suit against the Board of Education with the help of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). During this time in history segregation existed in some facets of our educational system. In the state of Kansas, to be more precise Topeka, segregation was dominant among elementary schools. A group consisting of Oliver Brown and 12 other parents (20 children involved) wanted equal educational rights and do away with segregation among the school system.
The southerners believed that segregation has be a way of life for decades, and desegregation would result in social catastrophe. The white southerners believed that desegregation at a young age in school level might result in interracial relationship. To most southerners at the time, such an act is frowned up. Supreme Court, however, believed that much have changed since the first time a black person was allowed to attend a school. Chief Justice Warren points out that there are a lot of black people who exceled in various fields and the black community deserves equal opportunity and rights as white
Board of Education of Topeka was considered a landmark United States Supreme Court case, in which segregation in public schools between blacks and whites was declared unconstitutional. This case overturned the horrendous “separate but equal” statute that was established in 1863 in the United States Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson. Parents of twenty African American students who attended elementary school in the Topeka school district filed this case. They called for the school district to reverse its policy on racial segregation in schools. The lower court admits that segregation in schools is detrimental to African American children, but still denies the plaintiffs relief saying that the schools are separate but substantially equal regarding the buildings, transportation, curriculum, and educational qualifications of teachers.
In 1954, the United States Supreme Court in the Brown vs. the Board of Education ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional which violated the fourteenth Amendment, which granted equal protection to all citizens regardless of race. This outcome had overturned the old standard which was set in 1896 in the Plessey vs. Ferguson, which said separate but equal facilities were constitutional. The new ruling made it possible for a little third-grader named Linda Brown could attend a predominately white elementary that was just a mile away from her house, instead of walking about six miles to the rundown black elementary school. In 1955 following the United States Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education, granted equal access and opportunity for education of minorities to be carried out ASAP. But it was not until the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that efforts final took effect to desegregate schools in the south.
Gaines denied both options and sued the state, then hired the NAACP for Thurgood Marshalls service (uscourts.gov). Sweat v. Painter (1950), Herman Sweat applied to the University of Texas which was a white school. The school didn’t want him to be admitted into their school so they set up and unfunded black law school. Herman Sweat then sued the
With the Brown v. Board of Education decision, Plessy was overturned along with the separate but equal implementation. The Brown v. Board of Education case all started with African American children who were denied acceptance in white schools. In a PBS Article the author discusses how a case was filed against the Topeka Kansas school board by Oliver Brown. Alexander McBride states “Brown v. Board of Education was filed against the Topeka, Kansas school board by representative-plaintiff Oliver Brown, parent of one of the children denied access to Topeka 's white schools. Brow... ... middle of paper ... ...rch 17, 1954 the Supreme Court overturned the “separate but equal” that was implied by Plessy v. Ferguson.
A white school was only seven blocks away. Linda’s father Oliver Brown decided to try and get his daughter... ... middle of paper ... ...t, however abolish segregation in other public facilities such as restaurants and bathrooms. It also did not specify when the desegregation of schools should take place. What it did do was declare mandatory segregation that existed in twenty-one states as unconstitutional. I believe that the Supreme Court did make the right decision and that the NAACP brought up a good case not only in its unfairness politically but socially.
The Topeka Board Of Education”, the argument was about which school Linda brown should go to. Her father thought it was wrong that she should go to a school for black children that was further away from her home and less well looked after than nearby schools for white children. With the help of the NAACP he took his case to the Supreme Court and they ruled in his favour, overruling the 1896 case of “Plessey vs. The Rail Road Company”. Segregation was now officially illegal.