We have to look at the bigger picture and think about the long term goals. Bottom line oil is needed to reduce energy prices and U. S. dependence on foreign oil however at what cost. We have to protect the environment and the animal’s writhing in it. 2.Discuss the benefits as well as adverse effect of drilling oil in Alaska on the environment and people. Drill can destroy habitats; disrupt animal life force people to give up their traditional way of living their lives.
America’s stance is conservation and alternative sources of energy, however, the US cannot switch to another energy resource over night. America needs another reserve to tap into to be removed from Middle Eastern dependency. The US needs something so that its foreign policy is not seized captive by its need for oil. As the US tries to develop new sources of energy the ANWR is a reserve that should be tapped into to help free up the oil dependency. Drilling on the ANWR would significantly help the American economy as a whole.
Opponents of drilling in ANWR cite the environmental problems of off-shore drilling and maintain that this land should be left alone and allowed to stand as an environmental wonder. Given that some environmental groups do not mind allowing technology to invade the environment when it profits them and given the threats of global terror and the ever-increasing dependence our nation has on foreign oil, I believe it is in the best interests of the United States to open up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil drilling. Before stating both sides of the argument, I would like to make two observations that I found interesting while researching from the book, Taking Sides. The first thing that I found interesting was that in an environmental science class and in an environmental science textbook, the two articles used to present the pros and cons of opening up oil drilling in ANWR were not written by environmentalists or scientists or even oil technology experts, but rather by an economist, a physicist and a lawyer. The second thing that ran through my head as I was reading both articles was the time at which both were written.
This argument will be followed by an explanation of the technologies that will be put into effect to improve the oil sands’ impact on the environment. Lastl... ... middle of paper ... ...to their respective problems, and as companies that profit off these projects earn money, they are able to reinvest their revenue into advancing research to minimalize the impact on the environment. To summarize, the s could provide Canada with enough oil to become an “energy superpower”, to greatly benefit Canada’s economy, and to supply the world with enough oil to decrease gas prices. Significant environmental obstacles lie in the way. The pipelines, as well as contaminated water ecosystems, such as Base Mine Lake, would help with the mitigation of this on-going problem, but environmentalists believe that the use of these pipelines would further speed the production of the oil sands, making the problem worse.
High expectations on shale gas Thanks to the development of shale gas, natural gas production in the United States has rebounded and is at its highest level in almost 40 years. Exxon Mobil is the worldwide leader concerning the exploitation of this new resource. If we consider than more and more countries are willing to be less dependent upon the energy supply, due to its expertise, Exxon will be a worldwide key player in the exploitation of this energy. Sooner or later, new techniques will be available to suppress the environmental risks connected to extract the gas. Turning risks into opportunities - Short term risks Some risks of operating rupture exist with the Middle East countries.
Those in favor of Arctic drilling include the Alliance for Energy and Economic Growth, Exxon Mobil and other petroleum companies (Driscoll and Griswold). It is important to drill less for oil in the ... ... middle of paper ... ...elp In anyway possible. Who knows, perhaps some brave group of people will take a stand to the oil companies and maybe even find a way to stop the Arctic oil drillings But for now, there seems to be no hope for the Arctic recovery efforts. Works Cited Driscoll, SallyGriswold, Marcus. "Arctic Drilling: An Overview."
The staggering amou... ... middle of paper ... ...eports/Clean-Energy-Trends-2013). It’s indicative that these trends continue after this time period so that we do not leave our future generations to the mercy of the heavily subsidized oil industry. Oil is what we inherited and it’s what is going to be used until it runs out, but we should begin to look towards sustainability with much greater enthusiasm to escape the coming negative effects of oil depletion. In conclusion, we hope that the darker side of the oil development double edge sword has been brought to the light. From the contamination of both soil and water to the use of the land, the affects to natural wildlife and the areas communities, and the reduction to alternative energies the negatives are spread throughout everyday life.
The main environmental concerns regarding the oil sands development are: water quality, quantity and ecosystem health. The Stages of the Oil Sands: Phase One - 1967 Pre-development In 1967, the pre-development stag... ... middle of paper ... ...2010). There is also concern about links between habitat loss and declines in populations of at-risk species, such as caribou. Despite uncertainty as to whether the land base can be adequately reclaimed and how much money this will cost in the future, approvals for new oil sands projects continue to be granted. However, there is concern that the Alberta government (and thus taxpayers) will be stuck with the future cost of reclamation.
One of the primary goals of PR is to bridge the gap between the needs of the public and needs of a company or organization. Knowing that the very idea of drilling on the Continental shelf was a hot button issue, BP should have approached the endeavor with diligence. The findings in the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil spill and Offshore Drilling report could prove damaging tot he companies image because if reveals step by step the mistakes and agenda of the companies management. Halliburton and BP chose to use a form of cement known as “nitrogen foam cement” to address the instability they faced in placement of the pump on the fragile formation at Macondo. They ignored test that showed that cement would fail in the field.
Fish migrate away from the deep sea contamination caused by the spills. To try and break up a spill, chemical dispersants are spread throughout the affected area. This still does not fix the problems oil spills cause on oceanic habitats. The safety of creatures in the area of an oil spill is in jeopardy due to the poisonous effects of oil. Birds wings ... ... middle of paper ... ...e, and humans are all affected by oil spills in a negative way.