They had similar effects/damage, however. The Exxon Valdez was the largest offshore oil spill in the U.S. until the BP oil spill. The Exxon Valdez spill released over 10 million gallons of oil into the Pacific Ocean. The spill effected over 1,100 ... ... middle of paper ... ...on oil spill. 5 Dec. 2010.
It is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry, an estimated 8% to 31% larger in volume than the previously largest, the Ixtoc I oil spill. The flow was stopped on 15 July 2010 and after several failed efforts to contain the flow, the well was declared sealed on 19 September 2010. 1.1. The Facts about the BP Spill Oil 1. Following the explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, a sea-floor oil gusher flowed for 87 days, until it was capped on 15 July 2010.
It was caused when methane gas from the well shot all the way up and out of the drill column, expanded onto the platform then ignited and exploded. The explosion then led the rig to burn, with the resulting fire unable to be extinguished 2 days later it sinked leaving the well gushing causing the largest oil spill in history (as seen in Fig. A in attachments). Some estimates placed it in late May or early June 2010 as the largest oil spill in history. Flow Rate Technical Group estimated the flowing of barrels of crude oil per day at 35,000 to 60,000.
According to Deepwater Horizon Accident Investigation Report, a well control incident allowed hydrocarbons to escape from the Macondo well onto Deepwater Horizon oil rig, causing explosions and fire on the rig. The fire proceeded for thirty-six hours until the rig sank (Deepwater Horizon Accident Investigation Report). For approximately three months, hydrocarbons escaped from the container through the blowout preventers and the wellbore, resulting in a spill of national significance (Deepwater Horizon Accident Investigation Report). Worse still, eleven workers died, 205.8 million gallons of oil gushed into th... ... middle of paper ... ...ng years of failed efforts to recover from past destruction. To accomplish its restoration is the most principal challenge now encountering Gulf despite years of unsuccessful approaches to recover from previous damages.
According to "ExxonMobil Oil Spill," researchers estimate that 17 to 30 million gallons of oil leaked into the soils and aquifers of Greenpoint since the early 1950's. Other spills Exxon is responsible for and which have caused major environmental consequences are: • Baton Rouge refinery pipeline oil spill dumped 80,000 gallons into the rivers of Point Coupee Parish • Yellowstone river spill in July 2011 put 1,000 barrels of oil into the river • Mayflower oil spill in March 2013 lost 12,000 barrels of oil out at the Pegasus pipeline in Arkansas. A major VOC pollution release was the Exxon Baton Rouge Refinery Benzene leak. In June 2013, the company r... ... middle of paper ... ...cost of compliance or reduce or delay available business opportunities (including changes in laws related to offshore drilling operations, water use, or hydraulic fracturing); • adoption of regulations mandating the use of alternative fuels or uncompetitive fuel components; • adoption of government payment transparency regulations that could require us to disclose competitively sensitive commercial information, or that could cause us to violate the non-disclosure laws of other countries; and • government actions to cancel contracts, re-denominate the official currency, renounce or default on obligations, renegotiate terms unilaterally, or expropriate assets." "Environmental Stewardship through Responsible Management."
Damage to the earth will occur, and the harm will be enormous. One of the most prominent problems that can have major impact on the environment is that Iraq contains many oil wells around the country. These oil wells have the potential to be seized and used as a large scale destruction device. Should the oil wells be destroyed, there will be a massive disaster area, which can span for miles and miles, and still have effect on other countries. The worry is that because there are so many targeted wells, the effects will be on a extremely larger scale than the oil damage that happened to Kuwait in 1991, as it “left some parts of Kuwait still lifeless more than a decade later” (Keefe, 2003).
On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oilrig exploded in the Gulf of Mexico. Operated by Transocean under contract for British Petroleum for the Macondo Prospect, the explosion claimed eleven lives. The subsequent sinking of the drilling rig resulted in the discharge of over 210 million gallons of crude oil into the Gulf, causing extreme environmental damage to the marine ecological system, as well as affecting millions of wildlife habitats along the coast. Additionally, fishing and tourism industries were affected, and human health problems were reported. The incident subsequently became known as the largest marine oil spill since the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska in 1989.
It "raged for ten days and killed 3 crewmen". (Easton,10) There were major problems stopping this rig and no matter what happened there was already enough damage done. On February 23, the well erupted again. The environmental consequences were evident. As the oil spilled down towards the south the numbers were staggering of how much oil actually was pouring out into the ocean.
The Oil Spill The BP oil spill happened off the United States coast in the Gulf of Mexico and is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry. After the oil rig Deepwater Horizon exploded and sunk it continued to leak oil for 87 days until it was capped, which resulted in an estimated 4.9 million barrels of oil leaking into the ocean. The Deep Water Horizon was a sem... ... middle of paper ... .... Retrieved 15 November 2013. Dermansky, Julie (20 April 2013). "Three Years After the BP Spill, Tar Balls and Oil Sheen Blight Gulf Coast".
This would cause the pipe to burst, which has a high probability of leading to oil being spilled. The average number of marine spills per year has increased from 47 per year (1968-1977) to 188 ruptures and 228 leakages per year (Jernelöv 2010). Oil spills are detrimental to the environment, and every year, about 1% of the oil being shipped across the ocean (around 1.5 billion tons of oil) is spilled (Jernelöv 2010). One particular article mentions that there are two types of spills: shore-bound surface spills and the deep-ocean oil spills. Surface oil spills are more detrimental to the health of species that occupy that space, such as seabirds.