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Of The Equal Or Unequal Sin Of Adam And Eve

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In the debate titled Of the Equal or Unequal Sin of Adam and Eve, two authors; Isotta Nogarola and Ludovico Foscarini, argue about the original sin committed by Adam and Eve. Nogarola first states that Eve lacked a sense and constancy and that she therefore sinned less than Adam did. In her case the serpent thought of Adam as invulnerable due to his constancy. God created Adam to have unchanged opinions and state of mind, in order to avoid falling into the serpent’s persuasion, however Eve’s vulnerability led her to a severe sin. God found Adam guilty for the sin because he esteemed man more highly than woman and led his command towards Adam to not eat the fruit from the tree. Weak and inclined to indulge on the fruit, Nogarola claims, Eve…show more content…
He claims that Eve suffered a harsher punishment, believed she resembled God, and caused Adam’s sin. According to Foscarini, Eve sinned from ignorance and inconstancy. He backs up his argument by stating Eve is not excused because of her ignorance and is more knowledgeable than given credit, since God created her. Foscarini says that in the Bible, the serpent approached Eve with a question rather than through persuasion, meaning Eve simply answered a question and unknowingly fell into a trap. Although Adam was assigned to protect her, Eve is not off the hook. Eve’s pride caused the sin, since the devil promised her knowledge, which made her arrogant and inflated her pride. Eve receives the same consequences as Adam, in addition she must also be in pain while birthing a child. In conclusion, Eve’s punishment should be greater than Adam’s. Ludovico argues that all of Adam’s faults are her responsibility. He references a quote from Aristotle, “the cause of a cause is the cause of that which is caused” (Bartlett, 92). This quote explains that Adam’s sin, which Eve caused, resulted in original sin. Since Adam followed Eve’s example, Eve would take responsibility in the first place, therefore her sin was more serious. As Foscarini states, “she deceived her husband more than the serpent would deceive him” (Bartlett, 92). He supports his claim by quoting Christ, “They who have betrayed me to you have…show more content…
She argues against Foscarini’s claim that Eve sinned from ignorance and inconstancy by stating, “...the acts that proceed from inconstancy are more blameworthy, that kind of inconstancy is understood which is not innate but the product of character and sins” (Bartlett, 93). Foscarini states that Adam was assigned as Eve’s protector, however Eve still sinned and cannot escape the consequences. Nogarola clarifies that divine justice differs from temporal justice in punishing sin. In this case, divine justice dictates over temporal justice. Transgression is born of pride and pride is rebellion over divine rule. This is a larger sin than desiring knowledge over good and evil. Nogarola restates her claim contradicting with Foscarini statement that Eve’s pride caused the sin, since the demon promised her knowledge, making her increasingly arrogant and inflated her pride. “So also Evil, the greater it is the more it shares itself, and the more it shares itself the more harmful it is, and the more harmful it is the greater it is,” (Bartlett, 94). Nogarola claims that Adam’s sin was the greatest possible, therefore the punishment he received was the greatest possible. Furthermore, she explains that Adam had free will. Adam chose to eat the fruit and Eve did not persuade him, therefore he faults for his own sin. Nogarola states that God created Adam an ideal animal and
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