Most people couldn’t face their life straight; they couldn’t bear the weight of their destiny and very often, they tended to avoid the punishment when they did something that was against the Gods. Oedipus on the other hand, at the Greek time, firstly believed as everyone else, that everything happened or will happen were all in their fate, it was destiny that controlled their whole life and nothing could be changed. From the part where Tiresias revealed the Oedipus Complex: his behaviour of killing father and marrying mother, the action of fighting against destiny for Oedipus started to show the influence of facing everything he had done, including causing the death of his own father. Irony is widely employed in the play, such as where the people of Thebes came to the king and asked him to rid the plague, but in reality himself was the origin of the plague. Also he cursed the murder who killed the old king but he was actually cursing himself. These irony reflected on his ignorance before noticing the truth, and created a hint for further comparison. He then “recognised what he misrecognises, namely, his desire, and his history, inasmuch as they are, both, unconscious.” Before when he challenged the Sphinx, the puzzle he was given was a reflection of humanity. How many legs do human use to walk is only a biological description and it is not enough to divide between human and other creatures. Oedipus believed he solved the puzzle, but he then also lost understandings in humanity. The mistake in ethics and humanity was made when he solved the puzzle, which then established a sense of certainty in making mistakes in the future. Everything he did after, including killing father and marrying mother, all followed this pattern, and is a tangible consequence of disobeying his own fate. Oedipus was a character that had braveness, unselfishness and wisdom all inside him,
In the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, Oedipus is depicted as a morally ambiguous character; neither purely evil or purely good. Oedipus runs from his fate initially to prevent himself from pursuing what he believed was his fate; however, he is lead straight towards his real fate. He kills his biological father as he is headed to Thebes, where he takes the throne. Once he has taken the throne, he begins to try and save his city from the plague by looking for the murder of king Laius. However, what he does not know is that the prophet has told him who has slew the king; therefore, he presents his ignorance as a leader. Not only does his ignorance create the flawed character inside himself, but it also causes him to run from his fate. The significance of Oedipus being a morally ambiguous character is that he cannot run from his fate
Sophocles’ tragic play, “Oedipus the King”, or “Oedipus Rex” as it’s known by its Latin name, is the Athenian drama that revolves around the events which lead to the demise of Oedipus Rex. The King Oedipus is forced down a preordained path that throws his entire world into a spiral of tragic providence, in this trilogy of a Theban play. Sophocles assigns the tragic hero to a downfall with the impossibility of changing the written fate; perhaps the views of today’s society would feel sympathy for the predicament that Oedipus is forced into, however, the publics of ancient Greece would accept that the path laid before them was a creation of the Gods. “Oedipus the King” reflects the ancient Greek credence in the belief that a person can do nothing to avoid their destiny, an idea that contrasts with what society believes today.
Bernard Knox says “these attributes of divinity – knowledge, certainty, justice – are all qualities Oedipus thought he possessed – and that is why he was the perfect example of the inadequacy of human knowledge, certainty, and justice”. Oedipus thinks that he knows everything that he needs to know, but he does not and that causes his downfall and leads him away from the truth. In the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles Oedipus thinks that he knows what the best is for him and does not let anybody else persuade him from his point which is the cause of his downfall.
In the story of “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles portrays theme, symbolism, and imagery. With these in mind, they had influence the character to do a few things we wouldn’t normally be doing in today’s society. By showing us the way he acts leads us to knowing the difference between what is right and wrong. Back in the day, we never knew what was shown as being truthful unless someone told you. So not realizing the importance role Oedipus plays is has a significant impact on the audience’s reactions.
An avid reader has the tendency to question what promotes to haunt their inner most thought. Another reader is curious to what degree of uncertainty does one owe an unparalleled fear. Often an individual finds themselves in angst due to an unknowing of what comes next in the future. It is a perfectly rational fear shared amongst all their fellow men. However, what happens to be the most terrifying concept is one that only comes to fruition when it casts the dark shadow of reality. While the fear of the unknown seems to be scary, when that exact same unknown becomes known and is detrimental to an individuals current state of being, the true fear is acknowledged. In Oedipus Rex, King Oedipus expresses fear of not knowing who killed Laius, which he believes is the cause of the current plague in the City of Thebes. However, his true fear comes when he finds out that not only is Laius his father, but that he killed him. While the unknown for Oedipus is a problem for him, he does not realize his true fear until he finds out what actually happened.
Throughout literature authors have written to express a message to their intended audience. This is no exception for the plays, Oedipus Rex and Darker Face of the Earth, written by Sophocles and Rita Dove, respectively. The similarities in plot, characters, and motifs are not the sole concurrencies between both plays; the overall message to the audiences in both plays is one in the same, one cannot escape their fate. Sophocles and Dove both illuminate this message through their use of the chorus. While Sophocles uses a single chorus of Theban elders, Dove illustrates the grimness of fate through several minor characters: the chorus, the prayers and the players, the rebels, and three female slaves. Dove’s usage of Phebe, Diana, and Psyche further accentuate the battle between free will and fate, as well as the role of women, a concept absent in Sophocles’ play.
Oedipus the King, also known as Oedipus Rex was a tragic play written by Sophocles around 429 BC. The story of Oedipus is one of blindness, growth, deception, and fate, and Sophocles gives the reader several shocks throughout the play. The play begins with the citizens of Thebes begging their ruler, Oedipus to lift the plague that is causing their city to come to ruins. His brother-in-law Creon returns with news from the Oracle at Delphi stating that they must find the murderer of the previous king of Thebes, Laius. Oedipus quickly sets out to attempt to solve this mystery. Oedipus then calls upon the blind seer Tiresias to tell him who killed Laius. Upon finding out that Tiresias has told Oedipus that he is the murderer, he sends Tiresias away. While leaving, Tiresias explains the marriage between a
In “Oedipus the King,” an infant’s fate is determined that he will kill his father and marry his mother. To prevent this heartache his parents order a servant to kill the infant. The servant takes pity on the infant and gives him to a fellow shepherd, and the shepherd gives him to a king and queen to raise as their own. The young prince learns of the prophecy and flees from his interim parents because he is afraid that he is going to succeed. The young prince eventually accomplishes his prophecy without even knowing he is doing it. He murders his father and marries his mother unknowingly. While it may seem to some that Oedipus was destined to carry out his fate, it is also true that Oedipus’ personality led him to his fate.
Oedipus thinks his human powers can match anything put in front of him. He forces other characters to tell him things, which again creates his tragic ending. (O790) Oedipus by not knowing his identity seems to create his own tragedy. Throughout the entire play, he is blind to everything people are telling him. (O320) He continues to badger Teiresias to answer things that Oedipus does not believe is true. If he only stopped, asking questions his fate might have been different. (O385) Because of these answers, he begins to suspect that people are plotting against him. He feels that he is above such lowly deeds. His own conceit and blind confidence in himself helps him continue towards a tragic ending. (O452-460) While Teiresias was predicting the future of Oedipus, he should have been smart enough to listen. He should have started to change his ways before he ended up destroying himself. Oedipus' guilt was beginning to play tricks on his mind. At the beginning of the play, Oedipus was on the top of the mortal world. Now he is finding out the truth about his past and his world starts to crumble around him.
Oedipus is innocent because he did not know the truth. He did not know his true parents. He was living his whole life a lie. When the messenger told him about the prophecy that he was going to kill his father and marry his mother. He left Corinth to avoid the prophecy.
In the drama Oedipus by Sophocles, the determination of the main character leads him to recognize his whole life has been nothing but a lie. Although Oedipus is concerned for the well being of his city, he can’t help but also be concerned for his reputation and how the city of Thebes will look at him. Ultimately, the way Oedipus reacts to events in the play leads to his downfall. Sophocles uses the play to argue that when an individual is too prideful and quick to anger, it can result in ignorance and eventually, as the individual learns of their ignorance they will experience pain and self-destruct.
“Humans believe so many lies because we aren't aware. We ignore the truth or we just don't see the truth.” As said by Don Miguel Ruiz, author of Four Agreements. In Sophocles’ classic Greek play, Oedipus the King, Oedipus is the definition of a tragic hero. He is introduced as a conceited and ignorant king who disregards the gods’ power. However, as the story goes on, another, more humble and sorrowful, side of Oedipus is revealed. In the beginning of the story, Oedipus’s judgement is clouded by his ego and he is so consumed with himself that he fails to realize the surrounding hints, leading to his downfall. Through great suffering, Oedipus comes to realize his mistakes and takes responsibility for
Greeks during ancient times, had trust in the oracles. Tiresias, the wise, old fortune teller, strongly influenced the outcome of the play. He became one of the key contributors of the main protagonist’s downfall. In addition, he predicted Oedipus fate and established a further reality in which the king could not see due to his blind actions. At the end of the story, it raises a question whether Oedipus is guilty or cannot be blamed for it since it was chosen by destiny. However, a crime cannot be an act of innocence, whether or not one has the power to envision it, justice needs to enforced.
Painting Oedipus as the killer, the unknowing orchestrator of all the events he tried to solve, works effectively at defining his role as a tragic hero. Being the intellect that he is, Oedipus slowly uncovers the whole truth and continuously fights the idea of his involvement. He wishes only to be the uncorrupted hero of Thebes but is ultimately unable to achieve that moral clarity. One scholar describes this best when he says, “The pivotal theme of the tragedy is Oedipus' conflict between his desire to know himself and his opposing wish to cover up the truth that will bring disaster” (Zachrisson). Pairing the king’s motive to do only right and his eventually tragic cosmic circumstances creates a sense of dismay for the