Occupations in Brazil

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Situation in Brazil

With the preparation of the upcoming world cup, many people have been evicted from their homes to make way for the new roads, stadiums, airports and other infrastructure. Over 150,000 people have been affected. But the poor living in slums have been hit the hardest.

In Brazil, there are hundreds of slums, or as the Brazilians call them, favelas. Located in Rio de Janeiro alone, there are about 600 favelas. The people living there are known as favelados and majority are black or pardo. Demographics in favelas show that 68.4% are black or pardo . (reasons why) These urban poor from the lower class of society are often jobless or earn extremely low wages. In Brazil, favelas are associated with extreme poverty, hence, are often treated with little or no respect. They are not treated equally and are discriminated.

The main reason for the appearance of favelas is the uneven income distribution amongst the different races. Residents of the favelas are on the extreme side of the income gap, therefore favelados are the best representative for us to look into to understand the effects the World Cup has on the poor.

Sometimes, the police are involve. The defenseless poor are therefore very vulnerable to police violence.

Reasons for eviction

1. Due to greater land usage for the world cup, people formerly residing on pieces of land set aside for the world cup would be forcefully relocated. In major hosting cities like Sao Paulo, Curitiban, Fortaleza and Recife, relocations have affected over 150,000 people, and amongst them, many are poor and jobless.

2. Also image’s sake, many favelas (often there is higher crime rates in these areas because of drug lords that run the favelas) in hosting cities will be flattened, ...

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... resided at. Social ties within communities will be greatly affected. There are hardly any schools, healthcare facilities located in those rural areas. Those holding on to jobs are likely to lose them for there is no transportation system to transport them from place to place. To make things worse, jobs at these places are scarce and there is no job opportunities there. This will result in people not having a stable income to feed their families. This will turn into a vicious cycle.

Family ties will too be affected. Threatened with a forced eviction, the da Silvas accepted the indemnity offered and now live several kilometres apart, each in a different dwelling — a situation that complicates caring for the elder da Silva. The home was the family’s primary asset; taking a financial loss on it entails not just an economic blow, but a substantial emotional one as well.

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