The Difference between Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy When it comes to healthcare careers, two careers people often seem confuse with one another are Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy. Many people with little to no medical background assume that an Occupational therapist is Physical therapist. The culprit could be word "therapist" that they share in common. There's a similarity between the two, but each are different on their own. They may work side by side and address many of the same issues; however, they are completely different careers. Occupational therapy is a therapy provided for people of all ages that needed rehabilitation after an illness or accident. According to AOTA President Ginny Stoffel, "Occupational Therapy …show more content…
A person's occupation can include a vocation; however, occupations encompass so much more. One woman's occupation may be a mother who cooks, and cleans for her family. She may also be a gardener during her leisure time. Part of her daily activities which allow her to complete her occupation as a wife, mother, cook, and gardener are what we called Activities of Daily Living (Davis). These activities include, dressing, bathing, and toileting, transferring from one location to another, and getting in and out of bed. When she wakes up, she must be able to do her daily preparations such as getting out of bed, and taking a bath in a safe manner. When an injury such as broken hip affects the person's ability to complete her occupation in a safe and effective manner that person is then referred by a doctor to an Occupational therapist. The therapist's job is to help regain the person's ability to complete her occupations at her prior level of function. During the initial evaluation, the Occupational therapist will interview the patient and family. Together, they will determine what occupations the patient had, and wishes to return to. The therapist will also determine what Occupational Therapy …show more content…
Unlike an Occupational therapist, Physical therapist primarily focuses on movement, functional mobility, and pain management. They help people with functional problems, neurological disorders, injuries related to work and sports, and other conditions. A person with knee problem will be referred to a Physical therapist for pain management, and to prevent the condition from getting worse. Many times an orthopedic doctor will opt to send his patient to Physical Therapy before attempting surgery. When a patient is referred to a Physical therapist it is usually due to a recent injury, or a recent hospitalization. To begin, the Physical therapist will review that patient's medical history. During the initial evaluation, he will diagnose the patient's functional movement status by observing them stand and walk. The Physical therapist will then create a personalized treatment plan. He will use exercises, stretching maneuvers, hands on therapy, and equipment in treating the patient. The goal is to help the patient with pain management, to increase their mobility, and to prevent further injury. The Physical therapist will evaluate and record the patient's improvement. He will also educate the family about expectations and challenges throughout the
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Though occupation usually refers to a job, a person’s occupation is initially determined by what their everyday life consists of. When a person becomes incapable of performing the tasks that they are expected to do in their everyday life due to developmental delays, physical injury, or psychological problems they are often referred to an occupational therapist. Occupational therapists, or OTs, usually have occupational therapy assistants, often called OTAs. The OT gives the OTA a set of objectives to help the patient achieve. Since people go through numerous occupations during the course of their lives, OT’s and OTA’s prov...
The Health care experts in restoring and improving motion. Physical Therapy try their best to keep their patients healthy and cared for. (5) “ In Europe during the 1500s-1700s the use of execrise to treat muscle and bone disorders and disabilities continued to progress” (5) As a Physical Therapy you can work with many of people , from all different age groups.(3) Physical Therapy first meets with the patients they look at her medical history. Physical Therapy plans out a prefect treatment for the patients.
Occupation is defined as “activites of everyday life, names, organized and given meaning by individuals and a culture” (Association, 2006). This article also discusses the historical aspects of occupational therapy. Occupational therapy was founded by many different professionals with different backgrounds, that came together to share the same idea about how occupational therapy should be and the importance of activites for a person. This article also talks about different types of services that occupational therapy offers. Occupational therapists and assistances can work in many different settings. With the variety of settings a therapist and assistance can work in, the services that are offered there are different. Some different services that can be offered at these settings can include community mobility skills, stress management, alternative routines and habits, and more. It is important for therapists and assistances to know what settings offer what type of services when they are referencing their client to a new setting. The last topic this article discussed
Occupational therapy was based off of psychology; we evolved from treating mentally ill patients with isolation as an efficient treatment plan. We must never forget we are known to be “the art and science of helping people do the day-to-day activities that are important and meaningful to their health and well being through engagement in valued occupations” (Crepeau, Cohn, & Schell, 2008). To other professional disciplines this article explains the difference between each of us, yet can also express our relation to one another. The basic goal of all therapeutic disciplines is to better our clients life, through physical, speech or occupational therapy. Every discipline targets different goals, may it be body mechanics, reducing a stutter or buttoning a shirt, at the end of the day our clients well being may it be through science, art or both is all that matters. To the occupational therapy field this article means progress for what we do. Reading this article today in the year 2015 did not seem like old information to me, it is still relevant, I am proud that our field is not only evolving with contemporary time but it is also maintaining its
People across the world participate in recovery programs every day. Dedicated people in professions, such as occupational therapy, work to help each person regain his or her ability to engage in everyday activities. One wishing to pursue a career in occupational therapy would first need to evaluate the career and the significant effects on themselves and the clients.
The main part of a physical therapist’s (PT) job is to help their patients return to full activity. Most of the time they work with patients who are recovering from surgery, which can be both athletes and nonathletes. They help the patients relearn how to walk and run if they had surgery on their leg, or to write if they have surgery on their hand or arm. PTs work closely with surgeons for rehabilitation both before and after to strengthen muscles and regain full movement. They examine and determine each patient’s needs and set goals for the patient. The PT monitors the patient’s progress throughout their recovery and changes the patient’s plan if necessary.
An occupational therapist becomes trained and licensed in the healthcare profession and obtains the credentials to make a complete assessment of the impact of an injury that is causing the activities of the patient at home and in work situations
According to Merriam’s Dictionary the word Occupation is defined as “an activity in which one engages b: the principal business of one's life” (An Encyclopedia Britannica Company). Although, The Occupational Therapy Field has made significant advancements throughout the years, many people still do not understand what it is that it is the field truly does. In order to truly understand Occupational Therapy one must understand the history of the field.
Change is something that human have to face often, yet it is still very hard for us to adapt to it. We can, in turn, agree that change is not easy (Jacobs 2002). Occupational therapy has been thought a lot of changes which give rise to new treatment methods, new approaches and a better to communicate with the patients. Below is an analysis of the changes that have been made in the occupational therapy field and their outcomes.
They help them improve their movement and if necessary, help with the pain. “They are an important part of rehabilitation and treatment of patients with chronic conditions or injuries.” They spend a lot of time on their feet, actively working with patients. The following are some of the things that physical therapist typically do: diagnose patients by watching them stand or walk, they set up a plan for their patients, use exercises to help relieve them from any pain, evaluate the patient's progress and they educate their families about the problem. The work of a physical therapist varies on the the type of injury they are working with. For example, a patient that lost mobility due to Parkinson’s disease needs different type of attention as to an athlete recovering from a sprained ankle. This field has five areas: Orthopedic Physical Therapists which mainly focus o the function of the musculoskeletal system as well as sport injuries. Geriatric Physical Therapist are therapist that focus on older adults and work with conditions such as arthritis, cancer, joint replacement, balance disorders, etc. Neurological Physical Therapist focus on neurological conditions like Alzheimer’s disease, brain injury, spinal cord injury and strokes. Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapist help people that struggle with cardiovascular and pulmonary conditions like heart attacks and chronic obstructive pulmonary
A physical therapist does a lot of things to help patients get back to what they normally do day to day before an injury. They do this by coming up with plans that helps to reduce pains and help restore movements and make goals for patients. They help by having a hands-on approach and being able to help with exercises and stretches they also massage muscles to help manipulate them to move. They also use different technology to help with anything that deals with the movement or that would restrict movement such as ultrasounds and electrotherapy.
A physical therapist has a role to primarily improve a client's ability to perform movements of the human body. During this time, PTs test and measure a patient's strength, functional capacity, and motor development. PTs look after each individual for a period of time depending on the patient's diagnosis and then develop a plan of treatment techniques to advocate the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. (FAQ). As for an occupational therapist, his or her role is to improve a client's ability to perform activities of daily living. Like PTs, OTs evaluate the condition of their patients and determine their needs. During the evaluation, OTs may have to inspect a client's home, work, school, etc. to determine the proper skills that they need to develop so the patient can engage in their own life. Following the evaluation, a plan of treatment to enforce the necessary help for the patient to help him or her return to school, work, home, or just everyday life. Many times, the treatment is to modify the environment in their work or home to create a better quality of life. Throughout these treatment plans, both services not only educate their patients on how to prevent and avoid injuries, but also about the healing processes. Also, OTs and PTs assist people with improving their ability to perform daily activities with training and education, along with hands-on rehabilitation care to help heal injuries and/or care for the patient's disability (Scholastica). Although these roles are different, both PTs and OTs allow patients to return back to their
Physical therapy is a fun and exciting healthcare profession that helps people. It is all about helping other people who have problems with their body, muscles, joints and other parts of their body. Patients includes accident victims and individuals with disabling conditions such as low back pain, arthritis, heart disease, fractures, head injuries, and cerebral palsy. Physical therapy will perform an evaluation of your problem or difficulty. They evaluate your problem by performing tests and measures to assess the problem. These tests includes muscle strength, joint motion, sensory and neurological, coordination, balance, observation, palpation, flexibility, postural screening, movement analysis, and special tests are designed for a particular problem. Next, they develop a treatment plan and goals and then manage the appropriate treatment to aid in recovery of a problem or dysfunction. Physical therapists are able to treat their patients by using many different treatments depending on the type of injury. Some of the treatments are electrical stimulation, hot and cold packs, infrared and ultrasound to reduce swelling or relieve pain. These treatments are used to help decrease pain and increase movement and function. Therapeutic exercises instructions will help restore strength, movement, balance, or skill as a guide towards full functional recovery. Physical therapy provides "hands on techniques" like massage or joint mobilizations skills to restore joint motion or increase soft tissue flexibility. They will focus on basic skills such as getting out of bed, walking safely with crutches or a walker, moving specific joints and muscles of the body. Physical therapists treatment includes patient education to teach them how to deal with a current problem and how to prevent the problem in the future. Such documentation is used to track the patient's progress, and identify areas requiring more or less attention. They encourage patients to use their own muscles. Their main goal is to improve how an individual functions at work and home.
Physical therapists are health care professionals that provide therapeutic services to their patients who have temporary or chronic physical conditions that were caused from injury or disease. Physical therapist also provided therapeutic services to patients after they have gone through surgery to help them gain back mobility and manage their pain. They can also work in preventive care by promoting healthy life styles and instructing individual patients or groups on preventing injury by using exercises that stretch and strengthen muscles. To help their patients try to recover they use massage techniques, wellness plans, and different types of equipment. When a physical therapist sees a patient for the very first time they must do an examination, evaluation, diagnosis, and then put together a physical intervention to start the rehabilitation process. They also work as a team with other health care professionals to help with their patients needs. Physical therapist can really make a difference in their patient’s lives by not only providing therapeutic services but also encouraging and motivating them so they can get better. The main goals of physical therapist are to help their patients retain or gain back lost physical mobility, eliminate or reduce pain, increase productivity and help promote a healthy life style so patients can have a better quality of life and become more independent.