Some will find this interesting, thought provoking and enjoy this book. Others will take it as a direct threat and insult to all the work they have done. From the very beginning, Heller shows some of the most popular ideas and values of the day in a negative, questioning light. In particular, he shows the negative consequences of conformity and highlights individuality as a way to survive. He wants us to recognize how one is controlled and stifled by society.
On the other hand is Elsworth M. Toohey, a humanitarian, whose goal is to see others suffer so that in providing help, he might be seen as virtuous (680). These men serve as foils for each other. The idea behind Howard Roark is illustrated by Ayn Rand in her philosophy called “Objectivism” and the idea behind Ellsworth Toohey is the “second-hand.” The book wields together the concepts of selfishness, selflessness, and heroism. Objectivism is the “concept of man as a heroic being, with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason as his only absolute.”(The Essentials of Objectivism) On the contrary, “second-hand” is the term used by Ayn Rand to describe people who have no self, no ego, and basically live for others. In other words, “second-handers” are altruists (605-606).
Incompatibility of Truth and Happiness Happiness is intangible, not bought or measured but is what people seek the most in life. Happiness is knowledge, it is fulfillment and when not obtained can leave one feeling worthless. In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley happiness is a predominant theme in the novel and is what the world state prioritizes to maintain peace and order. Truth must be sacrificed in order for happiness to be obtained. As shown in Brave New World by the world leaders genetically creating citizens, suited to a particular job and who prefer it to anything else, the Elimination of human and scientific truth’s to escape suffering and the consumption of soma used to avoid facing the truth and reject sadness.
John’s strengths are his intelligence and determination, but his downfall’s are his s... ... middle of paper ... ...erned, dangerous and potentially subversive.” (117) V. Thesis A dystopian novel, such as Brave New World, is usually centered on the conflict between man and society. In this case, Aldous Huxley tells three compelling viewpoint from John the Savage, Bernard, and Helmholtz. Though each is distinct in their upbringing, each share the same path. While in the World State, each try to reach a level of satisfaction by their standards. Helmholtz, an intellectually superior Alpha, hopes to create compelling works of literature and spread his wisdom, whereas Bernard merely seeks social acceptance.
People could not change the past; therefore, they would do a good thing that brings to a better future, which makes them become better people than the ones in the past. The road to redemption is not from when the person makes up for his guilt, but it starts when he feel regretful, a difficult start, and ends with a relief of redemption. The author puts characters into different situations of sins and how they try to resolve problems, as examples for his ideas of road to redemption. For instance, Baba is always an honorable man in people's eyes. They admire him for his power, they are jealous with his wealth and they love ... ... middle of paper ... ...uilty feeling inside people.
The Autobiography and Other Writings, written by Ben Franklin, is a book dedicated to Franklin’s accomplishments, and a trace of his intellectual growth. Franklin’s goal was to reach Moral Perfection. Vanity is defined as having too much pride in one’s appearance or accomplishments and is viewed as sinful by many people. Morality is defined as principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behavior. For him to reach that goal, he must have good morals.
All that which proceeds from a man’s dependence upon man is evil.¨ Anthem’s author, Ayn Rand, is saying that asking questions is good, while depending on only a handful of people (in this case the scholars) to ask them for you divides mankind into egoists and altruists, although altruism is the only side taken. More curious than any of his brothers, Equality has always had more questions. In his world, this got him in trouble, but according to Ayn Rand, he should be praised for being a ¨creator¨ in a sea of
The “common good” is something with which everyone can partake and enjoy. For example, a clean unpolluted environment. The problem with the “common good” is that not everyone in society will be motivated towards one goal because people will support their own interests and not towards the goal of the “common good.” Even though the ideal society of everyone working toward the “common good” can never become reality it is a point to ponder. People should reflect if their actions are going to benefit society or cause distress or hardship on others. Our society stresses individualism, but we cannot remain indifferent to the shared goals we all have in common.
Throughout history from ancient Greece to the modern day world, there has a... ... middle of paper ... ...r truly be equality in the eyes of society. He once said, “The writer must believe that what he is doing is the most important thing in the world. And he must hold to this illusion even when he knows it is not true.” In some ways I agree with him. Writers can write an amazing story that can explained, inform and show real problems in the world in one thousand words or less. In The Chrysanthemums, John Steinbeck wrote another masterpiece that depicts the women that had suffer, who will still suffer and will may suffer in the future because of inequality.
Nick says that Gatsby, ?represented everything for which I had an unaffected scorn? (6). However, he is able to see through this dislike of Gatsby?s character to tell him, ?you?re worth the whole damn bunch put together? (162). In other words, Gatsby possessed the qualities of a great individual, but his reliance on material objects to show his love and his corrupt ideology prevent him from reaching his full potential as an honorable character in the work.