Childhood obesity Numerous children are victims of a variety of health problems inflicted by the deficiency of good nutrition and physical activity. Childhood obesity is a national epidemic and is continuously growing rapidly. Obesity is an excessive amount of body fat in relation to body mass, being overweight is your body weight in relation to your height (L. Marcus Ph. D and A. Baron M.S.W.). Obesity is the most distinct medical condition but the most difficult condition to treat.
In order to resolve this issue one should learn to identify it. According to Ogden et al. (2006) obesity can be identified through the body mass index (BMI) measurement, which is a ratio between the weight to the square of height, those who are between the 85th and 95th percentiles are considered obese (DeMattia & Denney, 2008). This problem is extremely important because not only does it affect the childhood of the obese person but also it has a high chance to affect his adulthood as well; either through psychological changes in childhood that remained unresolved or even maintaining obese state. A longitudinal study showed that those who are obese in their childhood are 15-99 percent more likely to be obese by the age of 35 years old, this probability increases as the children ages (Daniels, 2006; Wang & Lim, 2012).This essay focuses on obesity in the childhood stage in the 21st century.
The quality of life suffers, as it is difficult to enjoy exercise or move. Another result is lack of self-esteem, this can lead to depression, eating disorders, and crash diets. The country is also affected, because it becomes very expensive for the government to provide advanced medical care such as heart transplants. Unhealthy citizens are also less productive, and their children learn poor eating habits. However, in order to understand efforts that can be made to prevent childhood obesity, it is essential to know how parental and home environments affect obesity prevalence, the role television and media play, and the care cost of childhood obesity.
It affects everyone but the ones that suffer the most are the children. From the age of an infant all the way through their teenage years. Children are affected by obesity by the poor choices made by their parents when they are young. Then later on by the choices they make themselves. Because of these bad choices in food, eating too much and lack of exercise these children will become obese at a young age.
Family Influence can cause obesity in children by not eating healthy. If a parent themselves are obese or if the genes run in the family than most likely the child will be as well. ‘Fat cells are not the only obesity related story out there today; Scientist found a common genetic variant that increases the risk of obesity in its carriers. Melanocortin-4 receptor or MC4F is involved in controlling appetite and metabolism. 81% of people carry at least one risky variant of either FTO or MC4R’ (Loos).
Obesity is life threatening and there are many side effects associated with being obese. Obesity and being overweight is a direct symbol of the culture. Americans always want more and once they get more, Americans still are not satisfied. Moreover, look at what America eats. Americans do not eat to get something in their bellies, instead Americans eat until they are stuffed and can barely move.
“The nation’s obesity epidemic has become so bad that it has taken over tobacco as the leading cause of preventable diseases” (Gaffney). Health care costs linked to obesity and resulting conditions such as diabetes and heart disease are greater than those related to smoking and excessive drinking (Gaffney). A child between the ages two to nineteen with a body mass index above the ninety-fifth percentile for his/her age, height, and sex by today’s standards are obese (Singhal). This problem is a serious medical condition and can affect many children for years to come. Today in the United States, more than seventeen percent of all children are obese (Marcus).
America is facing a rigorous obesity plague that is endangering the health of millions. Moreover, we are passing our bad practices down to our children. Obesity is a stipulation in which anomalous or excessive fat buildup in adipose tissue that damages health. Obesity is defined in adults as a body mass index (BMI) exceeding 30 (kg/m). Obesity is one of the most discernible, but until recently, most deserted public health problems.
An imbalance in caloric metabolism is to blame for obesity; however, this imbalance can be due to an assortment of factors (Childhood Obesity Facts, 2014), not just overeating and a lack of exercise. Because of the prevalence of obesity and its effects on our youth, it is expert opinion that addressing this issue of childhood obesity is more necessary today than ever before. Before it can be addressed, though, biological and environmental factors need to be recognized (Gundersen, Mahatmya, Garasky, Lohman, 2014). Gundersen et al. (2014) explored the idea that there are psychosocial stressors in children’s lives that play a role in obesity.