Basically, obesity is the long-term result of a diet that delivers more calories in than are consumed through daily activity. Nevertheless, obesity is a serious medical condition that impacts a high percentage of Americans and should be treated with concern. There are many possible factors for the rise in the number of overweight and obese Americans. Brownell outlines these factors very well in Food Fight and writes, “The reasons for this growing problem are simple and complex at the same time. People eat too much and exercise too little...” (Brownell 2).
The recent obesity epidemic in the United States has wide-ranging implications, and as more literature further validates this phenomenon, we can observe obesity’s real effects on the nation’s level of health and labor market outcomes. Economically, obesity drains valuable resources from the nation’s healthcare budget, decreases worker productivity through an increased number of missed work days, and forces employers to spend more on their health care plans for overweight employees. These factors prove that obesity forces taxpayers to forgo valuable income and consumption in order to subsidize higher medical costs and treatments for the obese. According to Baum and Ford, “currently about one in three [Americans] are overweight and one in five obese” (2004, p. 885). These statistics are worrisome to economists and employers alike, and they warn us that the current rates are unsustainable.
Extra energy is stored as body fat when the energy consumption surpasses the energy expenditure. Obesity is characterized through Body Max Index (BMI), distribution of fat, measuring body composition, and insulin resistance (WHO). Obesity is a public health issue due to the complications it leads to later in life. Obese individuals are more susceptible in obtaining health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, therefore have a higher risk of mortality (WHOgoogle). Yet not only is obesity a problem of the individual but of society as well.
Food advertisements, soft drinks, the growth of fast food restaurants, and the increase in portion sizes at cheaper prices are the changes that negatively influence the United States in term of health problems. Over the past few decades, obesity has been the main nutritional problem and has become one of the most critical health concerns in America. According to recent statistics, approximately one third of American adults are obese in which they have a body mass index (BMI which can be calculated as an individual’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) of 30 or higher. Obesity does not only shorten people’s life expectancy in the future, but also burdens the national medical spending which is nearly $147 billion every year. Around the world, over one billion adults and more than 10% of children are considered to obese.
The percentage of obese children in the United States has risen from 5% in 1980 to almost 20% in 2012. Factors such as food choices and fitness levels are contributing greatly to this problem. Obese children eventually become obese adults and bring along with them many adverse medical conditions. These medical conditions such as diabetes are known to be severe and place a shorter life expectancy on the people it affects. Ultimately, what is at stake here is childhood obesity is on the rise in the United States due to people’s failure to eat the proper foods and as a result of children followin... ... middle of paper ... .... Langwith, Jacqueline.
Due to the epidemic rise in obesity among Americans, the NEH needs to fund education regarding portion sizes and obesity. Obesity is defined by the World Book as the condition of having an excessive amount of body fat. It results from an energy imbalance in which an individual consumes more calories in food and drinks than they can burn. Obesity is a widespread concern that affects the vast majority of Americans. People are considered to be overweight if their body-mass index (BMI) is between 25 and 29.9 and obese if their BMI is higher than 30 (Reinberg).
“Poverty is a lifelong sentence to ill health and socioeconomic disadvantages.”(Author name) Poverty is one of the major leading causes of obesity in America today. Less fortunate families have a limited food budget and sometimes less access to healthy food choices. Many causes that come from poverty contribute to child obesity for example many find it difficult to support extracurricular activities so children sit in front of the T.V. eating. Economic insecurity can lead to stress and people often handle stress by eating high fat or sugary foods.
Hence, with fast food consumption come not only the bad but also the good. Fast food has played a large role in American health today. Obesity is one of the world’s leading problems in our health today in people of all ages. More than two-thirds of adults and about one-fifth of all children are now overweight or obese. One out of every three Americans face obesity and it’s caused mainly by the unhealthy foods that people consume daily.
If a person ate two fast food meals a day on average they would be over their total calorie intake allowances. Obesity does not only cause health problems but it can also cause physica... ... middle of paper ... ...estaurant and rather eat that then try something new like healthy food. People cannot control the location or amount of fast food companies and are now realizing that fast food is causing people to become obese(Lusk and Ellison). Obesity is a growing problem and more people are starting to consider themselves as becoming one of those obese Americans. Obesity is associated with many health problems both physical and mental.
Communities across the country, recognizing obesity as an issue of serious public health concern, are looking for innovative ways to halt the increasing rate of obesity (Davis 260). The rising prevalence of childhood and adult obesity can be explained in part by changes in our environment over the last 30 years; in particular, the unlimited supply of convenient, highly palatable and energy-dense foods, coupled with a lifestyle typified by low physical activity (Farooqui 5-7). Childhood obesity in America is a growing epidemic--because of advertisement of fast food, lack of physical activities, and parental control--that has lasting psychological effects. As a little enlightenment on obesity, overweight and obesity result from an imbalance involving excessive calorie consumption and/or inadequate physical activity (Buchholz 5). The increases in overweight and obesity cut across all ages, racial and ethnic groups, and both genders.