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ORGANIZATION THEORY EXAMINATION PAPER Analyze the role of narratives in the context of organizational change, from the modernist, symbolic-interpretive and post-modernist perspectives, basing yourself on theories from the curriculum. INTRODUCTION This paper analyze organizational change under three perspectives and identify to what extent and how the use of narratives affect this process. In this introduction it will be given some important definitions, basic to clearly comprehend the rest of this paper. First of all it is necessary to define what narrative means in this context. It signify the use of communication channels among organizational members, in other words the use of spoken and written language to spread information, knowledge and culture. Narratives in to an organizational context are stories that describe real events taken place inside a specific organization, revealing its culture. The sociologist Van Maanen argued that there are three different styles: realist, confessional and impressionist. The first is usually adopted by modernists and comes as an objective report of facts occurred inside organizations. These stories do not mention the narrator and turn subjective experiences in to objective facts. The second and third types are more in to symbolic perspective. In the confessional tales author is present and write his prejudices and mistakes. The impressionist one is even more personal and the author externalize his opinions on character's behaviors. From a postmodern perspective, anthropologists Clifford and Marcus argued that stories are like fictions, because they are influenced by the authors interpretation. Throughout the use of narratives, organizational members contribute to develop and diffuse organiz... ... middle of paper ... ...n control, that explains how a new organizational member can introduce new values, goals and expectations as the organization internalize them. The role of managers is to guarantee the acceptance of internalized cultural values and goals by all the members. When this step is completed, managers can control and redirect to change the organizational culture throughout the control of employ. According to Shein, organizational culture change only when new values are introduced by the managerial level. The change takes place when employees unconsciously absorb these assumption in to their culture. He argued that cultural change brings benefits to organization through environmental adaptation or internal integration. Culture is very important because it could help organization to anticipate or adapt to environmental change, otherwise it negatively obstacle this adaption.
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