Nursing: The Development And Development Of Nursing

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Development of Nursing A profession, as defined by B. Black, is "work requiring advanced training and usually involving mental rather than manual effort. Usually has a code of ethics and a professional organization" (Black, 2014, p. 353). In contrast to this definition, there are defining characteristics that separate an occupation from a profession. A person in an occupation can be considered performing a job as opposed to someone in a profession that is said to have a career. Occupational jobs typically have on the job training, and the skills required to be proficient can be learned quickly, usually not requiring advanced education. In contrast, a person in a profession typically has many years of training, along with an advanced educational degree. There are many other comparison of characteristics of occupations and professions which will not be discussed here, however it is important to know that many professions frequently began as an occupation but then developed tasks in the job requiring higher education. At the same time organizations were formed, work standards were determined, and code of ethics was established. This process where occupations evolved to professional status became known in the early 1900's as "professionalism." The oldest recognized professions dating at least as far back to medieval and early modern times were divinity, medicine, and law. They were also referred to as "learned professions." Nursing is no longer considered a vocation and its professional status continues to be a topic of debate. Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, established the fundamentals of professional nursing in 1860 with the founding of the first nursing school at St Thomas' Hospital in Lon... ... middle of paper ... ... from across the nation. These leaders created the Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretative Statements (or Code of Ethics), which was adopted by the ANA (Matthews, 2012). The Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements provides a framework for nurses to use in ethical analysis and decision-making. The Code of Ethics establishes the ethical standard for the profession. The Code of Ethics for nurses was developed as a guide for carrying out nursing responsibilities in a manner consistent with quality in nursing care and the ethical obligations of the profession. The Code of Ethics strengthens the interests of the nursing profession by providing guidance for ethical relationships, responsibilities, behaviors, and decision-making. Nurses can also use the code as a means of self-evaluation and self-reflection, as well as means for advocating quality
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