Nursing Philosophy and Nursing Theory

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Nursing Philosophy and Nursing Theory:

A Comparison of the Metaparadigm Concepts of Nursing of Nursing with Personal

Philosophy and the Theory of Madeleine M. Leininger

Developing a personal philosophy of nursing and patient care is essential to the development of every nurse. The development of a personal philosophy begins in nursing school. Nurses incorporate our personal beliefs within our nursing practice and as we grow and mature as nurses and human beings our philosophy changes. Exposure to new beliefs, cultural differences, and researching the views of a variety of nursing theorists assist nurses in developing an expanding their own philosophy with the culture of care.


The purpose of this paper is to explore this author’s personal philosophy with that of nursing theorist Madeleine M. Leininger. To compare this author’s and Madeleine M. Leininger’s philosophy with the metaparadigm model of nursing and discuss the impact of the similarities on nursing practice.


The metaparadigm model consists of evaluating and examining the four distinct aspects of person, environment, health and nursing. These are important concepts in nursing and nursing theories contain most or all of these ideals (Chitty, 2007, p. 329).

Person is used to describe the individual and the systems and subsystems that make that individual unique. It includes a framework of inherent qualities, social, spiritual, cultural and environmental influences that are the foundation of the individual human being (Chitty, 2007, p. 294).

Environmental conditions that surround individuals influence a person’s state of well being. They include the social and cultural aspects that are present in the lives of individuals (Chitty, 2007...

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...ol both at the baccalaureate level and the associate degree level. If each nursing student presented a paper on a different culture a foundation for providing culturally congruent care could be established.

Works Cited

Chitty, K. K. (2007). Professional Nursing Concepts and Challenges. St. Louis: Saunders.

Clarke, P. N. (2009). Caring. Nursing Science Quarterly , 233-239.

Creasia, J. L. (2011). Conceptual Foundations The Bridge to Professional Nursing and Practice. St. Louis: Mosby.

Leininger, M. (2002). Culture Care Theory: A Major Contribution to Advance Transcultural Nursing and Practices. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, Volume 13, Number 3 , 189-192.

Leininger, M. (2007). Theoretical Questions and Concerns: Response From the Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality Perspective. Nursing Science Quarterly, Volume 20, Number 1 , 9-13.
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