Nursing Metaparadigm Theory

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Nursing theory is essential to nursing practice, growth and development, and it provides a basis and context for professional practice. The purpose of this paper is to provide a synthesis of class discussion on the students’ personal professional nursing philosophies with framework provided by well-known nursing theorists. Included in each philosophy are specific definitions of the four aspects of the nursing metaparadigm: person, environment, health, and nursing (Butts, 2015) and how they relate to one another. The students participating in this discussion consisted of seven nurse practitioner students and two nurse anesthetist students.
Synthesis of Group Discussion
In reviewing all of the known theorists relevant and applicable to nursing
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Again, a majority of students aligned themselves with Henderson and King in their personal definitions of health. According to Henderson (Masters, 2015), health is equal to independence and the ability of a person to meet the 14 basic needs she identified in her theory. King (1981) perceived health as a process of continual change, in response to an imbalance of the psychological and physiological states. This definition of health illustrates the complex relationship between health, nursing and the person. As a whole, the majority of students in this forum agreed that achieving health is a process that is dynamic and multifaceted; it involves establishing reciprocal individual patient relationships to help define mutually goals leading to life satisfaction (De Leon-Demare, MacDonald, Gregory, Katz, & Halas, 2015). Health is not just the absence of disease or illness, but the overall well-being of mind, body, and spirit (Witt et al.,…show more content…
Although each of these future advanced practice nurses have his own philosophy about patient care, they are influenced in some manner by nursing theory (Spross, 2014). The application of nursing theory is essential to nursing practice and development, in particular when developing a personal practice philosophy. This includes the four aspects of the nursing metaparadigm, which come together to help guide nursing theories as well as individual and overall nursing

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