Nuclear Warfare And Its Impact On The United States

1057 Words5 Pages
Since 1947, the greatest impact on the employment of American airpower had technology, because nuclear weapon invention changed US strategy and military doctrines. Moreover, jet engine fighters changed tactical employment and underlined importance of pilots’ air-to-air training. Even more, Soviet’s ground-to-air new threats capabilities caused great loses within US Air Force in Vietnam causing change in tactics and anti-SAM training. Nuclear weapon invention started new era of weapon employment. Nuclear technology capabilities changed US airpower employment strategy into global deterrence in which the most important part was long distance heavy bombers with nuclear capabilities. Using nuclear bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki fasten Japanese capitulation and prevented Soviet army from invasion on Japan. Tremendous rate of Japanese civilian casualties showed nuclear bomb capabilities killing from 30 to 50 per cent of Hiroshima population which was approximately 70.000 to 80.000 casualties and similar percentage of Nagasaki population which was approximately 35 000 casualties . Nuclear deterrence foiled the Soviet Union from conquering not only Japan but also Western Europe. That is why, Strategic Air Command established in 1947 changed air power strategy and doctrines with motto “Peace Is Our Profession.” Meantime, the Soviet Union developed its own nuclear capabilities detonating its first atomic bomb in 1949. The “cold war” nuclear race caused invention in delivery technology. As a result, “subsequent generations of bombers offered advancements in payload, range, and speed, especially with the arrival of jet engines and aerial refueling.” Nuclear possibilities created new strategies and doctrines of using airpower ... ... middle of paper ... ...lots could train every kind of mission, in as realistic environment as possible, before going to war. First war missions covered by Red Flag exercises in 1975 helped unexperienced pilots surviving in real war environment changed airpower employment decreasing lose ratio in future wars. Technology had the greatest impact on the employment of American airpower since 1947, changing US strategy and military doctrines accordingly to nuclear power capabilities. Moreover, new technology jet engine fighters improved tactical employment of airpower and underlining importance of pilots’ air-to-air training. Even more, lessons learned from Vietnam War and Soviet’s SAMs sites caused changes in the United States Air Force anti-SAM training and tactics. Finally, commanders realized the need of training in order to successful apply new technologies into the battle area.
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