The United States needs a change in its energy sources. Oil, first of all, is a scarce resource that will eventually run out, and it also makes the U.S. depend on the political situation in other countries, as can be seen at the frequent changes in oil prices due to the political situation in the Middle-East. Alternative energy sources are an important issue to consider and nuclear energy is certainly the most controversial. There are currently 104 nuclear power plants operating in the United States, but the licenses of those plants will expire in foreseeable future, the first one already in 2013 and the last one in 2046 (Nuclear Energy Inst.). Those expiration dates initiate the discussions if the licenses should be renewed for the plants to continue running, or if they should be shut down forever and, therefore, exclude nuclear power from the U.S. energy sources.
However, these reactors are relatively unresearched and have not met their full potential as in most normal nuclear plants. Nuclear breeder reactors have many benefits among the many criticisms they have gained over the years. The use of these in the United States could bring many benefits. Breeder reactors may be very efficient, and produce lots of energy, but they are very expensive to build. These reactors cost billions of dollars to build.
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The history of nuclear energy. Washington: Department of Energy. Accessed website: www.nuclear.energy.gov/pdfFiles/History.pdf. Accessed November 20, 2011. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Uranium: Its Uses and Hazards. Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, Dec. 2011. Web. 14 May 2014. . What is U.S. electricity generation by energy source?.