Nuclear bombs contain uranium atoms, and when detonated they become more powerful than any other weapon ever made. During the Cold War both the US and the Soviet Union spent millions on inventing new and improved nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons have the potential to destroy the human race. The US and Russia have enough nuclear weapons from the Cold War to destroy the human race many times over. (3) In a large nuclear attack it is estimated that fifty million Americans would die and over time more and more would die from radiation.
2010 http://ea.grolier.com/article?id=0290770-00. Schwartz, Stephen I. "Atomic audit: what the U.S. nuclear arsenal has cost." Brookings Review 13.4 (1995): 14+. Business and Company ASAP.
29 Oct. 2013. Robock, Alan, and Owen Brian Toon. "Self-Assured Destruction: The Climate Impacts Of Nuclear War." Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists 68.5 (2012): 66-74. Academic Search Premier.
Though most people have never thought much about it, mankind nearly became extinct in a war that had no actual fighting; this war got the name the Cold War (SV; SV). The Cold War was the building tension between the United States and the Soviet Union some years following WWII. Nuclear weapons had a substantial influence on the Arms Race during the Cold War. At its peak, the two super-powers had enough nuclear weapons to kill everyone on Earth! Though the Cold War had many different aspects during the stockpiling of weapons, the most influential was the invention of nuclear weapons.
Nuclear weapons developed in the 1940’s. Scientists in the 19th century discovered the splitting of the atom. Many individual scientists contributed to the development of the first atomic bomb. In 1942 President Roosevelt ignited the competition between countries by establishing the "Manhattan Project." At this time, the United States built the first atomic bomb in fear that Germany had already done so.
(Wilkie) People know that despite efforts to keep control on the old Soviet stockpile and waste, terrorists are getting the plutonium and uranium needed to make nuclear weapons to kill masses of people. This is kind of the history of the nuclear & atomic bomb: (all from Williams) The first atomic bomb was thought up by Albert Einstein in the late 30's. In 1942 Enrico Fermi brought about first nuclear reaction with isotope Uranium 235. From this the Manhattan Project was brought about and took place in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Then July 16, 1945 near Alamogordo, New Mexico world's first atomic bomb was set off.
An example of this is Natural Uranium. When a neutron (The Human symbol N) strikes a nucleus of isotope Uranium 235, the nucleus splits giving off, simultaneously, both neutrons and energy. Furthermore, they have picked up on the ‘Chain Reaction.” If neutrons from the fission of one nucleus go onto split other nuclei, the number of nuclei undergoing fission multiplies rapidly. Hence, lots of energy is released in a sort space of time. In certain aspects, this is a good thing.
Atomic Audit. Harrisonburg, Virginia: Brookings Institution Press, 1998. Section 5.0 Effects of Nuclear Weapons. n. pag. On-line.
The hydrogen bomb, a thermonuclear weapon is an explosive device that creates its explosion by fusing two atoms together, to create a reaction similar to the processes that happens on the sun. The concept was first developed in 1952, during the cold war, and the bombs continually grew in destructive potential until the Tzar bomb, a 50 megaton bomb, that was detonated by the Soviets in 1961. The hydrogen bombs were unique to atomic bombs, because unlike the atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs had no conceivable limit to their size. This in turn made it possible for scientists to build as big as they wanted. The hydrogen bomb was a definite step up from the kiloton range of the atomic bombs.
Nuclear weapons need to be outlawed worldwide! The use of any Nuclear Weapon would result in horrible consequences. The aftermath would be too brutal to where no aid from any other country would be possible, the radiation would remain for many years to come and would cause suffering and even death. If three bombs the same size as that of the Hiroshima bombings were exploded on cities in the United States we would have more casualties than we had Killed in Action in World War II. If two countries were to go into Nuclear Warfare and 100 Hiroshima sized bombs were used, we would create climate change like none ever experienced before.