So, it is a necessity that we use it, but the methods for safe disposal should also be explicit. Currently coal, gas and hydro are the major sources of energy. But as mentioned beforehand these resources would become scarce in the future. Nuclear power was devised so that we could gain far more energy from radioactive elements as compared to the aforementioned sources. The energy is produced by the use of nuclear reactors, the fuel used in these reactors is the source of the wastes.
There are not only cheaper options, but safer ones as well. Nuclear disaster are devastating events and will have massive implications on the environment. Also, the long term storage of nuclear waste is a problem that still exists and has not been solved for sixty years. Hydroelectric energy is not only che... ... middle of paper ... ... Public Acceptance Of Nuclear Energy. "Energy Policy 61.
Nuclear power should not be dismissed and must be included as a major component of an alternative energy source to replace fossil fuels as it has the greatest potential to be the primary energy source in the future which can work together with other alternative renewable energy sources to combat global warming and to help meet the world’s growing energy demand Nuclear energy, which has historically been depicted as a dangerous and evil energy source, has recently seen renewed attention as an alternative form of energy and has been rehabilitated in the eyes of the public after rising concerns regarding global warming and a rise in the demand of energy (World Nuclear Association 2011). However, due to the March 2011 Fukushima accident, public perception of nuclear safety has been set back. This accident instilled fear and “had a big impact in diminishing the support for nuclear energy” (Wallard, cited in Reaney 2011). This incident reignited the debate over nuclear power in the international community. This essay will consider the arguments from the anti-nuclear energy movement that preceding accidents nuclear prove that nuclear energy always carry risk of a major disaster.
Perhaps the greatest danger facing our world today is a combination of global warming and the greenhouse effect. This danger is caused partly by burning fossil fuels which have led to a polluted atmosphere. Nuclear power, however, is a much greener alternative. Maintaining environmental responsibility is of great importance, but so is finding alternative energy sources. The best path of action is not to see nuclear power as the ultimate answer, but rather utilize it to its full potential, thereby reducing the need for fossil fuels.
If there is one thing that I have learned in this course it is that our contribution to our environment plays an extremely crucial role in global warming and what our environment will be like in the future for not only the current generation, but for generations to come. To go off my point of picking nuclear power versus coal power, nuclear power has significantly less of an impact on our country than coal. Nuclear power does not contribute carbon dioxide emissions as readily as coal does leaving it far safer for our environment. Another reason that I chose nuclear power over coal power is the idea that nuclear power is extremely reliable and will last longer than fossil fuels. Of course, coal has a significant amount of reserves on hand today, but eventually the world will run out coal and we will be left to find other sources to make our energy from.
Nuclear power plants are often considered to be very environmentally friendly (Dawson). This is because they are powered by a nuclear reactor and the only byproduct released into the air from operation is steam. Although this makes nuclear power plants seem to be the perfect solution to the American power dilemma, an issue arises because they also produce nuclear waste and radiation. These two negative byproducts of nuclear power have seeded fears in the American public for generations (Dietz). As author Francis Dietz asserts, “[nuclear power was] Once reviled as a dangerous and unnecessary form of power generation that was going to melt us into oblivion or, at the very least, make our hair fall out…” These fears have been addressed and disproved by countless studies over the past few decades (Chapin et al.).
Its important characteristic is tremendous efficiency, such that great amount of energy can be generated from small amount of nuclear fuel, which makes it efficient and long-lasting. Nuclear energy was discovered in late 1930s and was initially used to build atomic bombs, however after the Second World War it started to be used in production of electricity. Most of people have a prejudice against nuclear energy because of atomic bombs and accidents on nuclear power stations. They think that it is risky and unreliable, when in fact modern technology can provide safe usage of atomic energy. This project will investigate the advantages and disadvantages of atomic energy, suggest possible actions to improve security measures of nuclear power and determine whether it can be a safe substitute for current fossil fuel energy resources or not.
Indeed, the use of nuclear energy has its obvious advantages. Nevertheless,... ... middle of paper ... ... it will pose a serious threat to human life and health, requiring significant physical, financial and medical resources. One needs to pay attention to the fact that the problems are possible not only in case of nuclear accidents. It is about the issue of the disposal nuclear waste. Increasing the amount of nuclear waste and reducing the size of the territories for their burial will make the United States face a vexed problem, because currently the elaboration of nuclear waste is not possible.
Those expiration dates initiate the discussions if the licenses should be renewed for the plants to continue running, or if they should be shut down forever and, therefore, exclude nuclear power from the U.S. energy sources. Especially the most recent disaster in Fukushima, Japan, has resulted in even more objections towards nuclear energy. However, despite the controversies and the recent nuclear disaster in Japan, the United States should continue investing in nuclear plants to support nuclear energy as an alternative energy source. Nuclear power has more economical and ecological benefits than other alternative energy sources, such as solar, wind, hydro, geothermal power. Therefore, the United States should invest in my research on the maintenance of existing power plants to extend their licenses and on the plan of building more nuclear plants to turn nuclear power into the primary energy source for the United States.
Modern concerns about global warming have rekindled ideas about nuclear power in the United States but one concern still remains: what is to be done with the waste? Right now most spent nuclear fuel is stored in large casks at the plants where it was used with plans in the works for a common location to store the waste for long periods of time. Long term storage is not the only option, technology exists to take this spent nuclear fuel and remove the unused plutonium and uranium from the waste products to create more fuel. The remaining waste would be stored in a long term facility as discussed above. This process is highly controversial due to economic and safety concerns, but could increase the capacity of a long term storage facility.