One way to decrease the prevalence of deteriorating health for any population is by using preventive care measures (Andrews, & Boyle, 2008). The use of preventive care allows significant problems to be identified early which enables the resolution of the problem when it is still a minor issue (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008). Often this strategy is more cost effective and require...
The public health principles are meant for the public and other institutions that have a public health mission. Individuals and institutions that are not within the traditional public health but whom their activities have an impact on the health community find the code useful. The principles are used to recognize the risk causes and demonstrate the association amongst the three aspects that affect the incidence and prevention of disease. These factors are: Host, or the person or population with the disease; Agent, or the disease causing organism; and Environment, or location in which the host and agent interact. Understanding the incidence of disease is not sufficient to address preventive methods. The strategy needs to be comprehensive in three levels. Primary: Goal is to avoid proceedings that can cause result disease/injury, what can be done to avoid the disease/injury before the incident happens. Secondary: Goal is focused at changing the significances of events to avoid or lessen the severity of disease/injury. Tertiary: Aim is to limit long-term damages and disability. Passive strategies require no assistance or actions to th...
Primary prevention are means necessary to prevent health problems before they occur, and it involves health promotion. The purpose of primary prevention is to reduce an individual’s susceptibility to an illness by strengthening the individual’s capacity to withstand physical, emotional, and environmental stressors (Harkness & Demarco, 2016). Examples of primary prevention for obesity include education about proper diet and exercise before someone becomes obese. Another example is to educate people about the potential health risks of obesity (Lundy & Janes, 2001). Secondary prevention addresses pathology, and is aimed at early detection through diagnosis (Harkness & Demarco, 2016). This level of prevention focuses on identifying groups of individuals who have early symptoms of disease or condition so that they can receive prompt treatment. Examples of secondary prevention for health consequences of obesity include: blood pressure screenings and blood sugar testing (Lundy & Janes, 2001). Tertiary prevention consists of activities designed around rehabilitation. This level of prevention has a goal to restore the individual back to his/her optimal level of functioning. Examples of tertiary prevention include: regular exercise and healthy eating patterns for individuals with obesity, hypertension and diabetes (Lundy & Janes,
Preventative healthcare is an accessible area that continues to increase in the healthcare segment. Preventative healthcare utilizes various methods to educate and avoid illnesses. Preventative healthcare also strives to improve the overall health wellness of Americans (Benedictine University Online, 2015). The functions of preventative health care inform the population, promote healthy lifestyles and provide early treatments for illnesses. The goal of prevention, also known as intervention is to reduce risks and threats to health (Benedictine University Online, 2015). Therefore, primary, secondary and tertiary are three principal components of the healthcare system.
Starfield, B., Hyde, J. et. al. “the Concept of Prevention: A Good Idea Astray?” J Epidmeiol Community Health 2008: 580-583.
The Institute of Medicine notes that population health outcomes are “the product of multiple determinants of health, including medical care, public health, genetics, behaviors, social factors and environmental factors.” In addition, the National Prevention, Health Promotion and Public Health Council has recognized the central role of behavior in health care and prevention. The council’s 2010 Annual Status Report noted that the most effective approach to addressing the leading causes of death is to reduce and prevent underlying risk factors, such as physical inactivity, poor nutrition and tobacco
In 2008, there were more than 1,977,000 deaths that were caused by preventable risk factors. The top 3 causes of death in the United States are diseases of the heart, malignant neoplasms (cancer), and chronic lower respiratory diseases. All these diseases are preventable. People need to start paying more attention to what they’re eating, exercising more, giving up unhealthy behaviors and taking care of our mental health.
...preventive screening. Therefore it is of vital importance that the public health community educate the masses and encourage preventive screening measures. The government could also offer additional incentives such as tax breaks that would encourage individuals to lead healthy lifestyles. These proactive disease prevention steps would encourage individuals to lead healthier lifestyles which would reduce the overall prevalence of the two largest killers in the United States.
Heymann, D. (2008). Control of communicable diseases manuel. (19 ed.). Balitmore, MD: American Public Health Association