Northern Ireland has for years been a land of conflict between its two major groups the Catholics/Republicans and Protestants/Unionists. The principal factor causing this strain between the two factions is not racism, but another ‘ism’ that is closely related called sectarianism. As described by Liechty and Clegg, “[s]ectarianism…is a system of attitudes, actions, beliefs, and structures at personal, communal, and institutional levels which always involves religion, and typically involves a negative mixing of religion and politics” (102-103). Two examples of sectarianism seen in Northern Ireland are the parades and the religious documents, specifically the Orange Order Parade and the document “One Bread, One Body”. These both display explicit examples of sectarianism even if it was not intended.
The shocking thing about the situation in Northern Ireland is that both sides of the dispute are Christian traditions. There is no doctrine or rule in either denomination of Christianity that calls for such violence. Christianity is supposed to be a religion that fosters peace and forgiveness. For peace to exist within religion, the UK would have to be run as a theocracy, however, this will never work as globalisation takes hold and multiculturalism and multiethnicity look to break barriers but fail.
The Unionists are mostly protestant want to remain part of Britain. The Nationalists are mostly Catholic and want Ireland to govern itself, many want Ireland to be ... ... middle of paper ... ...walking through a Protestant playing field because they may fight each other. Another key problem that needs to be put out of the way in order for peace to be achieved is the past. Both sides need to stop bringing up past hurts and looking to the future without the conflict. Marches such as the Orange Order need to be phased out, as this is just aggrivating the Catholics and rubbing the past in their faces.
During the war, the IRA (Irish Republican Army) also did not help their case when they began acts of terrorism on the Protestant population. The Protestants also lived in fear of a Catholic majority because the... ... middle of paper ... ...essed January 11, 2014). Haward, Katy. "Defusing the Conflict in Northern Ireland." EU Border Conflict studies.
Why aren’t the other religions included in the days of dedication? It is not fair that our society is so biased. It is true that one’s moral system is based on religion though. I believe this because it is relevant everywhere. Very rarely will you find those hardcore practicing Catholics or Protestants disobeying the laws because they believe it is wrong.
This was worrying to the English rulers. So instead of sending in soldiers to defeat the Irish before a war had even started and destroying Ireland, he decided to send English Protestants over to Ireland. Land was still the main source of power, so by sending people over who were loyal to the English crown, he was gaining more power. The lands in which he sent his people over to were owned by Catholics. This process was called the 'Ulster plantations'.
He felt it encouraged superstition and pagan thoughts of magic, bringing them further from the true faith of the Christian beliefs. Luther’s most important criticisms had to do with the Catholic Theology. His argument was this: The Church had gotten away from the fundamentals of the... ... middle of paper ... ...lvinists, which was the catalyst to the Hundred Years War. The Catholic church was losing ground physically and in the hearts of the people. While there were still a great many who remained loyal to Catholicism, there were still people like Calvin, King Henry VIII and Luther who felt the need to call the Catholics out on the problems within their faith, and how it was affecting everyone else.
Though the Church is often seen only as perpetrator of violence – as seen in the overblown narratives assigning “Catholic blame” for the Crusades, the Spanish Inquisition, and the Holocaust, the Church has also been afflicted by violence motivated by religion. If history teaches us anything it is that the memory of the past is so often selective. Yet this discussion should not end by recalling the broad, if only tacit, role of religion in bringing about violence, but should recall the role of religious faith in promoting love between diverse peoples. Fundamental to the Church’s centuries-old teachings is the importance of humanity’s dignity a sons and daughters of the Creator. Violence, if even in part motivated by religion, contradicts what St. John taught us about God – “God is love” – a divine love that humanity is called to mirror and extend.
The Social, Economic and Political Differences Between Catholics and Protestants Protestant politicians tried to explain the differences between Catholics and Protestants in terms of political, religious and cultural differences. Politicians like Ian Paisley had very extreme views on why these differences existed. Whilst others, like Terence O’Neill, who was a Protestant, were willing to improve things for the Catholics. Many Protestant politicians thought that local elections were carried out fairly, and that the Catholics did not face any political discrimination, which was hardly thetrue situation. The fact that some Nationalist councillors were elected was used as proof of this.
The two sides caused a lot of trouble as neither trusted the other. Protestants believed every Catholic was a nationalist and Catholics believed every Protestant was a unionist. Neither side was willing to forget anything that happened, no matter how far in the past It occurred, when they feel they were wronged by their opposition, these grudges cause a lot of hatred and ange... ... middle of paper ... ...m and to diminish their power and hold on society. Paisley felt that if Catholics were left to their own devices, they would try to destroy Protestants and gain control throughout the world. Protestants like Basil Brooke attempted to mask the discrimination, passing it off as "resentment" - Brooke was the sort of person content with the system but knew that the reasons behind it would not be acceptable to others outside of Ulster.