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Non-steroidal Anti-inflamatory Drugs

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Pain is which the body becomes aware of damage it has suffered. Unrelieved pain can cause or worsen physical or mental illness, can slow recovery and increase the risk of complications or death (Arnstein, 2010). Practically every person has been or will be subjected to pain in his or her lifetime. Once the initial pain problem is recognized, finding the appropriate relief can be confusing. Analgesics are over the counter, non-opioids that help to elevate minor to moderate pain, such as a NSAIDs. These medications provide analgesia by removing the cause of pain (Chatu, 2011). The classification of NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) divides into three categories; Aspirin, with a brand name such as Bayer, Ibuprofen, with a brand name such as Advil and Naproxen with a brand name such as Aleve.
First, the analgesic NSAIDs, aspirin, most commonly used to help in the onset of a heart attack by thinning the blood to prevent clots. Often used in the reduction of fever and to alleviate mild to moderate pain. Also used for menstrual cramps, arthritis, and toothaches. Too many doses of this NSAID could cause ringing in the ears. This OTC (over the counter), non-prescription medication is in the salicylate group, which means that it stops the production of certain natural substances that cause fever, pain, swelling and blood clots. Combination OTC medications may contain aspirin, like antacids. Every type of pain medicine has benefits and risks (Dugdale, 2011). Different types of pain may respond better to different types of NSAIDs.
Second NSAIDs is Ibuprofen, which is used for inflammation of muscles. This type of analgesic is also used to help reduce fever and relieve pain caused by headaches, muscle aches and stiffness (Staff, 2012). The anti-inflammatory agents block the production of biochemical called prostaglandins that cause the swelling and pain. Millions of Americans have arthritis and other painful health problems affecting the musculoskeletal system: the joints, muscles, and bones (Dugdale, 2011). Ibuprofen can be bought without a prescription and when taken for a short period, they are safe for most people. Always be aware of any side effects like bleeding, ulcer and upset stomach when using a NSAIDs.
Third and final analgesic is Naproxen. If ibuprofen does not work for the pain, naproxen may be an option (Staff, 2012).
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