No Child Left Behind

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In 1965, the Commissioner of Education Francis Keppel designed an act that was part of President Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty, which had made available large amounts of resources for children that were less fortunate and educationally challenged. The Elementary and Secondary School Act (ESEA) passed through Congress and signed into law on April 9, 1965. With this act being signed, the Head Start program began. This program allotted funding to low-income areas with a concentration in preschool age children in order to properly prepare these children for grammar school beginning in the first grade (Schugurensky, 2001). The Elementary and Secondary School Act has been amended on seven different occasions, but the most current is No Child Left B (NCLB). This act is a direct result of the 1994 amendment to the ESEA Improving America’s Schools Act (IASA), which is a result of the Clinton Administration and Goals 2000. Goals 2000, an act signed into law on March 31, 1994, set in place eight goals concerning school readiness, school completion, student academic achievement, leadership in math and science, adult literacy, safe and drug-free schools, encouraging teacher professional development, and parental participation (Paris, 1994). After Clinton signed Goals 2000, the IASA was implemented and signed on October 20, 1994, the new amendment to the ESEA that allotted $11 billion for most federally funded K-12 programs and enacts what is considered to be the most important changes made since the original act was passed in 1965 (Education Week, 1994). NCLB is the 2001 U.S. Act in accordance with which educational standards in primary and secondary education should be improved for students with disabilities to achieve successful individua... ... middle of paper ... ...retation and changes. New York, NY: Nova Publishers. Paris, K. (1994). Summary of Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/envrnmnt/stw/sw0goals.htm Peterson, P. E., & West, M. R. (2003). No Child Left Behind?: The politics and practice of school accountability. New York, NY: Brookings Institution Press. Schugurensky, D. (2001). History of Education: Selected Moments. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://schugurensky.faculty.asu.edu/moments/1965elemsec.html State-Federal Education Policy, Historical Essay, Clinton Years. (n.d.). Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://www.archives.nysed.gov/edpolicy/research/res_essay_clinton_iasa.shtml U. S. Department of Education (n. d.). Overview: Making a difference: No child left behind. Retrieved from http://www2.ed.gov/nclb/overview/importance/difference/index.html

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