No Child Left Behind

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In the United States people have concerns over the growing educational gap between children from different social economical groups. Studies have shown, that U.S. educated children are preforming below the national average when compared to their international counterparts. Internationally, U.S. student relative performance becomes increasingly weaker at higher grade levels. On the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 9-year-olds tended to score above the international average, 13-year-olds near the average, and 17-year-olds below it. Even the most advanced students at the end of secondary school performed poorly compared with students in other countries taking similar advanced mathematics and science courses. This section reviews the mathematics and science performance of U.S. students, drawing primarily on the 1995 TIMSS and the 1999 repeat of this study at the 8th-grade level (National Science Foundation 2002). Some believed this gap was due in part to: quality teacher, incomplete budgets and lack of communication among world leaders and educators. To address these matters in the U.S, during the Bush administration, the No Child Left Behind Act was created. In 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Act was enacted by President Lyndon B. Johnson, as part of his “War on Poverty” (, 2009) to remedy the inequality in education. However the act was not successfully meeting its objectives as the gap remained and in 1981, the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act substituted the initial reform act. Furthermore, evaluation of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act revealed a need for another change creating the 1994, Improving America’s School Act. In 2001, upon reviewing the 1994 act, Pr... ... middle of paper ... ...rogram Development, 1925-42. Retrieved from Lee, J. (2006). Tracking achievement gaps and assessing the impact of NCLB on the gaps: An in-depth look into national and state reading and math outcome trends. Cambridge, MA: The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics Science and Engineering Indicators–2002 Arlington, VA (NSB 02-01) [April 2002] Paciorek, K. (2006). Early Childhood Education 05/06. : McGraw-Hill/ Dushkin. White House. 2009. Cited website. Retrieved April 6, 2014 from

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