preview

Nikita Khrushchev

Powerful Essays
Nikita Khrushchev

His story is something like a fairy tale. A humble young peasant boy,

born to a world of famine and poverty with 100 million peasants just like

him, works and fights his way up the political ladder of Russia to one day

become its most powerful force, simultaneously holding the offices of

Premier of the U.S.S.R. and First Secretary of the Communist Party. It

seems incredible, but it should be remembered that Nikita Khrushchev did

not accomplish this feat without much sacrifice and hard work on his part.

Coming from virtually nothing, he struggled for many years to rise among

the ranks in Revolutionary Russia before he achieved the position of a

widely-loved ruler and powerful, determining force in international affairs.

And although, in the end, he was cast down from this climactic position,

it was not before this loquacious and personable man had employed his keen

and incisive mind toward making many gains for and improvements in

twentieth-century Russia.

To truly understand how humble and common his beginnings were, one must

understand the situation in Russia toward the end of the nineteenth century.

Serfdom had only recently been abolished, and, as a result, there was a

severe shortage of land and widespread poverty and illiteracy. Only the

strongest and cleverest were able to make a living from their new-found

freedom; most just struggled to survive. It was among this majority, on

April 17, 1894, that Nikita Sergeievich Khrushchev was born. As a boy, he

lived in Kalinovka, a poor villiage in the Ukraine, in an izba, a mud hut

with a thatched roof, with his grandfather, a large family, and the

family's animals. His father, it is said, lived his life with the ambition

to...

... middle of paper ...

...enhower, who was considered

by Khrushchev to be a trusted friend, took responsibility for the affair

and, by doing so, greatly embarrassed the Soviet Premier. Then, just a few

years later, when the Soviet Union was caught positioning missiles in Cuba,

Khrushchev was forced to remove them and leave Cuba. Incidents like this

began to mount, and many Party members sought to remove him. Finally, in

October 1964, he was forced out of office. His remaining years were spent

in "quiet retirement" in the outskirts of Russia. He died on September 11,

1971.

Although those who Khrushchev had once struggled to and succeeded in

overcoming were able to remove him from power in the end, the vast changes

this peasant-turned-Premier had unleashed in the U.S.S.R. could not be

undone, and his years in power have had a lasting effect on the Soviet

Union ever since.
Get Access