He also liked the work of close collaboration with the International Institute of Atomic Physics at Geneva, for several years, he was the Chairman of the Scientific Policy Committee of this Institute and continued to remain a member of this Committee. Overall, you could say that he was most known for the development of the matrix mechanics formulation of quantum mechanics in 1925. He was also famous for asserting the uncertainty principle in 1926, although he also made important contributions to nuclear physics, quantum field theory and particle physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1932 “for the creation of quantum mechanics". Heisenberg later on traveled to the United States of America to travel to the University of Michigan to visit a scientist.
His father also was nominated twice for the Nobel Prize in physics. His Father’s ambitions in physics sparked Niels Bohr’s interest in physics. Niels Bohr received his master’s degree in physics in 1909 from the University of Copenhagen and then achieved his doctor’s degree in 1911. He became a professor at the University in 1916, and then founded the university’s Institute of Theoretical physics in 1921. His mother, Ellen, was the daughter of a prominent-Jewish banker.
This school was soon to become one of the most prestigious theoretical physics schools in the world. The majority of the best American theoretical physicists who grew up in those years were trained by Oppenheimer at one state of their lives. Many were his graduate students, others came to him as Post-doctor... ... middle of paper ... ...e of the destructive bombs, his punishment for doing so, and the amends made to him, let the people of both the United States and the rest of the world realize how destructive atomic bombs can be on a wide scale. Oppenheimer is a large reason why, after World War II, there has been no nuclear warfare. Julius Robert Oppenheimer is the most prominent person of the twentieth century.
Ernest Rutherford also known as The Lord Rutherford of Nelson, born on the 30/08/1871, was born in Brightwater, Tasman District, New Zealand and is renowned as the father of nuclear physics and is considered the greatest experimentalist. He succeeded in differentiating between alpha and beta radiation, at McGill University. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work into the disintegration of elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances. In addition, he set forth the laws of radioactive decay. He completed his first degree at the University of New Zealand and began teaching at a school in New Zealand, where he taught unruly pupils.
Shortly after this, he fell in love with Mary Newton. The couple married in 1900 and had a daughter named Eileen soon after. In 1894, he was granted another scholarship to attend Trinity College, Cambridge, to work with J.J. Thomson, the man who discovered the electron. He was the first research student at Trinity and in his first research assignment he uncovered a more efficient way of detecting radio waves than that of Heinrich Hertz. After hearing of his success on this work, Thomson invited Rutherford to study the effects of x-rays on the conductivity of gasses with their research being centered on the splitting of atoms and molecules into ions.
Bohr and his family grew up in an atmosphere that helped the development of his knowledge. His father was largely responsible for awakening his interest in physics while, his mother came from a family well known in the field of education. After Gammelholm Grammar School in 1903, he entered Copenhagen University where He won a gold medal from the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences for his theoretical analysis of vibrations of water jets as a means of determining surface tension. He received his Master's degree from the University of Copenhagen in 1909 and his doctorate in 1911 with a thesis Studies on the electron theory of metals. Bohr went to England to study with Sir J.J. Thomson at Cambridge.
Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who worked in the early to mid-twentieth century. His father was a well-known physiologist. Bohr’s mother came from a family that was well-known in the field of education. In the fall of 1911 Bohr stayed at Cambridge, where he made some money by following the experimental work in the Cavendish Laboratory under Sir J.J. Thomson's guidance. In the early 1900’s Niels Bohr was a valued physicist because he made initial contributions to understanding atomic structure and the quantum theory.
Niels Bohr Born in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 7, 1885 to mother Ellen Adler, and father, Christian Bohr, Niels would later go on to be a Nobel Prize winner in the category of physics. He attended the University of Copenhagen, where he studied physics. In 1911 he received his doctorate and left to England to study under J.J. Thomson, the man who discovered the electron. In 1912 he married Margrethe Norlund. Together they had 6 sons, one of which followed in his father’s footsteps and won his own Nobel Prize in physics in 1975 Bohr’s main focus was working on a way to understand the structure of an atom.
Rutherford stayed at Canterbury for a further year to study Physics in more detail, particularly how iron reacted in magnetic fields. He also researched electromagnetic (wireless) waves, shortly after they were discovered by the German Heinrich Hertz, and produced two papers on his findings, winning another scholarship in England. When he arrived in Cambridge in 1895, Ernest worked for J.J. Thomson, a lecturer at Cambridge’s ‘Cavendish Laboratory’. He often wrote letters to his girlfriend, Mary Nelson, and his mother, and in these he depicts how some members of Cavendish were jealous of him, or so he thought. Everywhere Ernest went, he was recognized as being a leader and thinker, with ‘amazing concentration’.
Invented a detector for electromagnetic waves. Worked with his ... ... middle of paper ... ...ray, beta and gamma rays. He also worked on the rate of decay of uranium atoms, which led to the development of radioactive dating. Prizes Even though Ernest Rutherford was one of the most prominent scientist of his generation he was not greatly awarded. In 1900 he was elected fellow of the royal society of Canada, and three years later he was elected fellow of the royal society of London.