Here, he discovered a star, one which had not been seen, that was brighter than Venus. This supernova in the constellation Cassiopeia shocked the scientific community because it suggested that the universe was not in fact perfect and unchanging, as it was believed to be at the time. With the discovery of this "new" star, Brahe dedicated himself to astronomy. Frederick II, king of Denmark and Norway, provided Tycho with funds to construct and equip an astronomical observatory on the island of Hven in 1576. Brahe named this observatory Uraniborg.
Copernicus began his studies in Thorn and then at the University of Cracow where he studied mathematics and became very interested in humanistic studies.1 Copernicus left Cracow for Italy where he went to the Universities of Bologna and later Padua. He studied many different subjects including mathematics, canon law, and astronomy. Copernicus received a degree in medicine at the University of Padua, and went on to receive his doctorate from the University of Ferrara in canon law. His Uncle Lukas became very sick and Copernicus returned to Poland to care for him. After his Uncle's death he became canonist at the cathedral of Frauenburg.
During his time at the University of Bologna, Copernicus lived with Domenico Maria de Novara, a mathematics professor who encouraged him to study geography and astronomy. Furthermore, throughout his time in Italy, Copernicus travelled to Rome and studied at the universities of Padua and Ferrara. Than in 1503, Copernicus moved back to Poland and worked for his uncle now the bishop of Ermland as a secretary. When his uncle died in 1512, Copernicus moved to Frauenberg and worked for the church. During his time working at the church, Copernicus studied astronomy and in 1514, when the catholic church was looking to improve the calendar, Copernicus was asked to help.
The Scientific Revolutions and Copernicus' Book In the sixteenth and seventeenth century a Scientific Revolution swept over Europe. The start of this Scientific Revolution has been atributed to Nicolaus Copernicus and his Heliocentric Model of the Universe. Copernicus was born in Torun Poland on February 19, 1473. His parents both died when he was very young so he was sent to live with his uncle who was a high ranking official in the Church. Copernicus studied canon law, medicine, astronomy, Greek, philosophy, and mathematics.
Aristarchus lived from about the year 310 B.C. to about 230 B.C. Aristarchus was the first Greek philosopher and mathematician to make sense of the solar system. Others before him thought that the Earth is a sphere and that it moves, but he was the first to understand the heliocentric theory, which states that the sun is in the middle. In 288 or 287 B.C.
While he waited for an opening, his uncle sent him for training at the University of Bologna.4 While there he studied mathematics and Greek language for three and half years. He also became more familiar with astronomy. In 1501 Copernicus returned to Frauenburg where he became apart of the canonry. He left quickly and started to study in Italy at the University of Padua. There he studied law and medicine.5 After a lifetime of studying, he is said to have mastered the concepts of math, medicine, theology and astronomy.6 As Copernicus began to study astronomy more, he came to strongly disagree with the Ptolemaic system of astronomy.
When coming up with the heliocentric planetary system he brought about changes that transformed the way people would think. People originally thought the earth was the center of the universe, however Copernicus proved that the sun was in fact, the center of the universe. It was an important event in science history because it started the Copernican Revolution and helped aid the scientific revolution. Copernicus also rejected the long accepted Aristotelian/Ptolemaic view of the universe, stating that the earth was in center. Then on May 24, 1543 Nicolaus Copernicus died.
Nicolaus Copernicus was a polish astronomer and a cleric. At the age of ten his father died and his uncle took him in along with his brothers and sisters. His uncle wanted to make sure he had the best education possible. He went to three different Universities to learn math, science, law, medicine, and astronomy. A spot opened up in the church and his uncles connections got Copernicus the spot.
He believed that the Earth was the centre as even water on it was moving towards one point, the Earths centre and the centre of the Universe. Claudis Ptolemy Ptolemy was the second person to try and come up with a model of the Universe. He enhanced Aristotles model around 140 AD, by adding epicycles to the orbits of the planets and the sun to account for the retrograde motion of the planets in the sky. Sometimes those epicycles were placed on top of others as just one epicycle was not enough to explain the motions of some planets. His model was kept until around 1514 AD.
Interestingly, his graduation speech was about the formation of the solar system, which showed that, even then, he was interested in astronomy. He was later awarded honorary LL.D degrees from Amherst College in 1907 and Clark University in 1909. His brother, Abbot Lawrence Lowell, went on to become the president of Harvard, while his sister, Amy Lowell, helped introduce new poetry into America. He then took the customary grand tour of Europe, though he traveled farther than most--all the way to Syria. Once he completed college, Lowell worked in his family’s textile business for six years.