Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti

analytical Essay
1259 words
1259 words

On August 23, 1927, Nicola Sacco and Barolomeo Vanzetti were executed in one of the most controversial legal cases in American history. Two men were shot and robbed in Braintree, MA, and two poor Italian immigrants were arrested for the crime. Although neither Sacco nor Vanzetti had criminal records, they both had pistols on them at the time, and followed a violent anarchist leader. Following their arrest, the seven-year case on the crime would drive national and international protests demanding their exoneration. There were numerous elements in the trial that influenced the guilty verdicts for the men including, but not limited to, weak evidence. The Sacco Vanzetti trial displays the social injustices and prejudice in American society during the time. It is evident that even though they are innocent, the court used Sacco and Vanzetti as scapegoats in this crime because of their beliefs and background.
The “Red Scare” was consuming many American’s lives following World War 1. After the war ended, anarchist bombings began, and a general fear of socialists, anarchists, communists, and immigrants swept the nation. There had always been resentment to immigrants in America, and these attacks just intensified these feelings. Americans were concerned that, because the Russian Revolution occurred, that it would happen in America next. The government began sweeping immigrants up and deporting them. Many innocent people were arrested because of their views against democracy. Although Sacco and Vanzetti were on trial for murder, their beliefs of how society should be run was the main focus in the trial.
Nicola Sacco and Barolmeo Vanzetti arrived in America as Italian immigrants in 1908. Sacco was seventeen working at a shoe...

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... the second trial which included both Sacco and Vanzetti, Thayer said to reporters, "Did you ever see a case in which so many leaflets and circulars have been spread...saying people couldn't get a fair trial in Massachusetts? You wait till I give my charge to the jury, I'll show them!"[122].
Even years after the case, there were a number of people who have come forward to the press with comments Thayer made concerning the Sacco- Vanzetti case. In 1924, professor P. Richardson, a lawyer in Massachusetts quoted Thayer as saying, "Did you see what I did with those anarchistic bastards the other day. I guess that will hold them for a while.... Let them go to the Supreme Court now and see what they can get out of them (Watson 252)." Sacco and Vanzetti were being made an example of what Thayer was capable of doing to immigrants who stood for what they believe in.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how nicola sacco and barolomeo vanzetti were executed in one of the most controversial legal cases in american history.
  • Explains that the red scare was consuming many american's lives following world war 1. after the war ended, anarchist bombings began, and a general fear of socialism swept the nation.
  • Describes how nicola sacco and barolmeo vanzetti arrived in america as italian immigrants in 1908. they followed luigi galleani, an italian anarchist who supported revolutionary violence.
  • Describes how frederick parmenter, the pay master of the slater & morrill shoe factory, and his guard, alessandro berardelli, were approached by robbers while carrying the payroll holding over $10,000 from the main office to the factory to pay the workers.
  • Describes how the local police chief of bridgewater, michael stewart, connected the robberies in his town to the reds and radicals.
  • Explains that vanzetti met the judge of the case, webster thayer, on june 22, 1920 for the first of two trials.
  • Explains that vanzetti's defense was concerned that his anarchical background and radical views would negatively affect him, so he didn't take the bench.
  • Analyzes how thayer's interest in presiding the sacco-vanzetti case was the second indication that there was corruption.
  • Narrates how thayer's comments on the sacco-vanzetti case were quoted by richardson in 1924.
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