Preston, Christopher J. 2012. “Beyond the End of Nature: SRM and Two Tales of Artificity for the Anthropocene.” Ethics, Policy & Environment 15 (2): 188–201. doi:10.1080/21550085.2012.685571.
The modern day environmental movement in the United States has been a significant social movement for decades. It is quite possibly one of the longest running and more complex social movements the US has seen. The fight for a clean and safe environment has been an ongoing struggle. It encompasses multiple layers including the sustainability movement, environmental justice, and conservation movement. It is not just only a social movement but also a scientific and political movement as well. While my focus is on the United States this is a movement on an international scale with support on all levels from large organizations to private citizens.
Soledad, A. (2012). UNEP: World Congress on Justice, Governance and Law for Environmental Sustainability. Environmental Policy and Law, 42(4/5), 204-205. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.proxy1.ncu.edu/docview/1239086063/fulltextPDF/938578CF70664516PQ/3?accountid=28180
I have understood that the Sustainability study involves the transformation of our civilization toward a regenerative system that promotes healthy and stable ecosystems, consumes natural resources no faster than they can replenish, releases toxic pollutants into our habitat no faster than they can be absorbed, fosters healthy and cohesive habitats that can coexist and continue long time in the future. Sustainability initiatives work to change the world by changing activities in our personal and professional lives to achieve these objectives. I have learned that the Sustainability Revolution is a collection of values centered on healthy ecosystems, economic activities, and social justice. From the intensive focus on this topic during the last few weeks and from further readings on this subject, I have learned that Sustainability encompasses not just conservation and pollution, but a wide array of other issues, including Eco literacy, biodiversity, globalization, socially responsible investing, corporate social responsibility, human rights, population explosion, health, social and environmental justice, farming, labor issues, and women’s rights. I have also learned that Sustainability strategies are essential, transformative, and collaborative work involving participation of hundreds of thousands of citizens, communities and businesses around the world. Every organization and informed citizen needs to understand the perils that lie ahead and contribute their part towards Sustainability
Leslie Sponsel has studied ecological anthropology for more than forty years, and therefore understands the necessity for a rethinking of environmentalism. He particularly studies and even teaches about the human role in nature. While he does not discredit the environmental movement and the advances that have been made since 1970, he is calling for a rethinking and re-visioning of the role of humans. Without this rethinking the environmental movement alone will remain to be insufficient and unable to change anything. He claims that if humans are to continue to survive than the degradation of Earth must be stopped. He thinks that the only way to collectively get this point across is through the use of religious and spiritual means. He demonstrates examples throughout the book of where this is already happening to a certain extent. His hope is that this will not be too little too late; that the attempts that are made can save the environment and prevent global ecocide. He suggests that trends like the unusual trends in whether are a warning to the world and that if something i...
[WCED] World Commission on Environment and Development. 1987. Our common future. New York: Oxford University Press. 444p.
Political theorist Manuel Arias-Maldonado, in the article “Rethinking Sustainability in the Anthropocene,” reframes the concept of sustainability and its socio-natural relationship to move forward with environmentalism in the Anthropocene epoch. The rise of climate change has exposed the flaws with the current view of sustainability which is defined as restoring an old harmony with nature. However, this definition does not consider the cultural side effect of sustainability and therefore must consider the hybridity of the human-nature relationship which offers a more open and flexible view on sustainability. Maldonado frames his argument by analyzing the dichotomies sustainability: weak vs. strong sustainability and open vs. closed sustainability.
The logical semantics indicates that each country is designated in the traditional time-developed synchronization of an agricultural to industrial to Postmodern society as the measurement tool to administer effective environmental policy. In other words, using the American and European developed countries’ experience as the template. But on any level of social development, the strong salient issues leading to the current state of environmental degradation are in a state of continual concession as each country tries to identify the most pre...
Hughes, J. Donald. “An environmental history of the world humankind's changing role in the community of life”. London: Routledge, 2001. Print.
Cullinan argues in his book, Wild Law of the impending fact that our species is rapidly destroying our only habitably place to live planet Earth. He indicates that our current governance systems are extremely dysfunctional and need to be completely reengineered. Furthermore, the many environmental treaties, laws and policies adopted in recent years have, by large, failed to slow down, or let alone halt or reverse, the destruction of the planet. This he maintains, is because the legal systems of the present government systems and the policies and institutions associated with them, are based on a mechanistic and dualistic understanding of the world, and on various myths, all of which we now know to be false. Myths such as the belief that human society is separate from, and ultimately superior to the natural world, are now 'hard-wired' into most legal and political systems. Consequently, the overall effect of these governance systems is to facilitate and legitimise the ongoing degradation of our planet.