In The Discourses on Livy Machiavelli discusses things that were currently happening within Rome as a result of the public council, the decision made by the Roman people in an attempt to increase the empire, as well as the actions made by select men which made Rome a successful nation. During the times of political uncertainty Machiavelli responds to the need for a stable political structure and the moral basis for which this structure would exists, as well as the interest of the individual and the state in conjunction with the Italian environment in an age of great city states. Italian politics during the 15th century were in a state of flux as a result of the Renaissance in the 14th century. Machiavelli attempts to outline the ideal autocratic regime which would emphasize the need for realism over the currently favored idealist mindset. Current Italian political and ethical goals were based on the idea that the people must wait for changes to occur by chance, whereas Machi... ... middle of paper ... ...es…but enables men of private fortune…” (Machiavelli Chapter XIV).
The Prince, published in 1513 at the decline of the Renaissance and written by Italian statesman and humanist thinker Niccolo Machiavelli, discusses how to successfully, some may say amorally, use power politics to rule successfully. In chapter eighteen of this piece of influential renaissance literature, Machiavelli gives practical and realistic advice on how to rule successfully and unify a group of people during a time when his city-state of Florence was crumbling to pieces. His advice is to use craftiness and cunning to achieve a good end rather than do things the morally correct way. His humanistic thinking is displayed further with his allusions to Greek mythology and classic works of literature. During the Middle Ages in Europe things remained stagnant, and everyday life was centered around Christianity and God.
Social Life in Medieval and Early Modern Italy Nicolo Macchiavelli and The Prince At the end of the 14th century, Italy was still politically organized by city-states. Emerging as one of the most influential writers of the Renaissance, Niccolo Machiavelli was a political analyst, whose aim was to free italy from foreign rule, as well as to unite and strengthen the Italian city states. Machiavelli believed Italy could not be united unless its leader was ruthless. In 1513, he wrote his best-known work, The Prince, in which he describes the ways that a prince may gain and maintain his power. Machiavellie advises his rulers to be kind only of it suited their purposes.
Hobbes and Machiavelli both had revolutionary ideas about government and the essence of Man. Hobbes grew up in England, and had ideas concerning a freer type of government. His main work was ?Leviathan?. Machiavelli was raised in Italy, and had other ideas. Machiavelli focused on how a prince should act in governing his country.
Alberti was raised during his most formative years, the first part of the 15th century, in the shadow of Brunelleschi. Brunelleschi's successful design for the Duomo in Florence would have been a major inspiration for Alberti to pursue what would be an incredibly successful career in architecture. His influence would be far reaching in the field of architecture and inspire great designs in urban planning and both public and private building designs. In this study of Alberti's architectural theory we will focus primarily on his thoughts about the purpose of private structures and his ideas about the importance of the centralized cortile. In 1431 Alberti moved to Rome and took holy orders to join the papal court.
The experience he acquired as a government official and his study of history led him to view politics in a new way. The political writers of the Middle Ages treated politics plainly, within the framework of religion. However, Machiavelli sought to explain politics realistically, based on his view of human nature within the framework of history. Machiavelli died in Florence on June 21, 1527 (Encarta). His political writings became more widely known in the second half of the 16th century (Encarta).
The Prince, regarded as his most controversial and successful work, spelled out a method of amelioration; whether positive or negative, virtuous or severe, a prince was to uphold the strength of a nation and a government. The next few pages will take a closer look at the life that has followed Niccolo Machiavelli, the use of historical allusions and the explicitness used in The Prince. His Life and Death Niccolo Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy on May 3rd of 1469. Many changes were taking place faster at this time than the masses could follow. The Renaissance was changing the world.
(2010). Niccolo Machiavelli – the Cunning Critic of Political Reason | History ... Retrieved January 14, 2014, from http://www.historytoday.com/vincent-barnett/niccolo-machiavelli-%E2%80%93-cunning-critic-political-reason.
The Medici family were beneficial to the renaissance because they helped established Florence as a significant city in Europe, they were patrons of arts and culture, they produced 4 popes in an era where religion was very important. The Medici’s families contribution towards the renaissances was mainly based on how they helped established Florence as a significant city in Europe. Florence is known as the birth place of the renais... ... middle of paper ... ...ench out when they were trying to invade Italy. Although Pope Leo X was defeated by Francis I, king of France, Pope Leo X was still able to help the papacy became the dominant political force in Italy. Pope Clement VII was the illegitimate son of Giuliano de' Medici.
However soon it was exposed that Mazzini was affiliated with them, and so he was forced to flee to France. This turned out to be a blessing in disguise, because he inspired one of the biggest movements in the process of unification, La Giovane Italia from his apartment in Marseille. La Giovane Italia, (or Young Italy), was a brotherhood of Italians who strongly believed in progress and duty, with the goal of eventual Italian Unification.2 . At a time when many, including the Austrian minister Metternich said that “Italy is merely a geographical expression” due to the Italian peninsula being politically constituted of a patchwork of historically established aristocratic and clerical states. La Giovane Italia tot... ... middle of paper ... ...public pg.