Pollutants, such as sulphur, affected vegetation in many areas. The pollution is also damaging water and animals. Acid rain and forest fires also causes of deforestation. Deforestation can occur in many ways, natural and unnatural. Logging takes a huge place in deforestation.
The scientific term for acid rain is acid deposition which means when the acid is taken from the air and is deposited on the earth. Major industries, coal burning factories, power plants and automoble engines are the main sources of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide which caues acid rain. Volcaneoes and forest fires also causes sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide. Some of the many problems that come from acid rain is the killing of of many plants and underwater life in thousands of lakes and streams around the world. It strips forest soils of nutrients and damages farm crops.
Secondly, acid rain damages the trees through the soil by releasing metals that harm them even further (Lucas, 72). Acid rain makes the trees lose their leaves, so when the trees try to regrow their leaves, buds come instead, this process is called a panic shoot (M. 15). Large land areas which used to be covered with forests are now gone, dead or dying (Baines, 21). Around the 1980’s more than half Kotto 2 of the trees in Germany had signs of acid rain damage (Edmonds, 14). Now it is known that acid rain is one of the biggest contributing factors in the death and deterioration of nature.
(http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Deforestation) .In Guyana There are many causes of deforestation and all these causes such as logging, mining and slash and burn for agricultural porpoises which can cause forest fires and the building of homes, have affected birds one way or another that live in or around these areas that once had pristine forest, by destroying their habitats. Deforestation affects the birds’ ability to find nesting sites, materials needed to build these nest, its ability to find mates to produce the next generation, food to feed themselves and their young. One of the birds affects is the Harpy eagle and there are many others such as wood peckers. Another factor affecting birds are pesticides. Although many pesticides that have harmful effects on birds have been banned in other countries, these pesticides are still use in Guyana because they are inexpensive.
Humans are dangerous for forests because they destroyed forests in such ways as cutting down the trees that provide the ecosystem in their forest, illegal logging that using the timber for factories, farming for provide human food supply, and for agriculture as well. Furthermore, reason for most of cutting down the trees or deforestation is money. Many economists and environmentalists still have different opinions between how they can manage the forests in the future. Economists would think we have enough natural resources or forests that we can use for anything. On the other hand, environmentalists think using too much forests or natural resources for any demands or commodities will impact native animals and plants life.
The large scale excavations, removal of surface soil, dumping chemical wastes, creation of road, cutting of mountains etc. all these actions causing severe impact on the land. The land deforestation is one of the most severe problems because it’s also related to the local people and animals. Number of species and animals rapidly got endangered from the past few years because of such activities. 6.
When a work force or group of people start to clear out a forest, they are taking all food and resources from organisms that live in the region and wiping out the homes of many insects and other tree dwellers. Another main cause for negative effects on the ecosystem is pollution. There are many types of pollution, simply including water pollution, air pollution, and land pollution. Pollution is caused on a day to day basis, whether it be littering or even burning coal. Littering can harm organisms by entanglement or toxic hazards.
The wind then blows these acidic particles onto buildings, cars, homes and trees. In some instances, these gases and particles can then eat and corrode away the objects which they settle on. There are many effects of acid rain all of which are very negative for the environment, one of these affects is the acidification of lakes and streams and trees at high elevations (for example, red spruce trees above 2,000 ft). acid rain primarily affects sensitive bodies of water those which rest atop soil with a limited ability to neutralize acidic compounds (called “buffering capacity”). Many lakes in the National Surface Water survey (NSWS) suffer from chronic acidity ,a condition in which water has a constantly low ph level.
These gases can travel thousands of kilometres in the atmosphere, where they mix with water vapour to form a mild solution of sulphuric and nitric acid. Rain, snow, hail, fog and other precipitation wash this combination down to earth as acid rain. The diagram below shows the causes of the problem in the UK and the effects when it reaches Sweden. Acid Rain - UK and Sweden Sweden's forests are being destroyed by acid rain. Due to acid rain many trees in the forests have lost their needles and this affects the forest growth.
Acid Rain, Ozone Depletion, Smog, and Global Warming are all the result of air pollution. This could possibly be the single most devastating factor in the dissipation of our Eco-system, as we know it. Acid Rain is a term that consists of acid rain, snow, fog, and particles. It is caused by sulfur dioxides and nitrogen oxides released by power plants vehicles and other sources such as gasses, and oils. (EPA Acid Rain) Acid rain effects trees, soil, farms, and surface waters.