Transitioning from nursing school to working in a hospital setting can be a challenging time for a new graduate. Due to the nursing shortage, new graduate nurses are being hired with little to no experience. This is overwhelming for new nurses, especially when they are not getting adequate support or training from the hospital. The amount of stress, pressure, and lack of training is leading to a high turnover rate for new graduate nurses. With patient acuity on the rise, new graduate nurses that are filling these vacancies in the hospitals, need to be competent nurses to provide proper and safe care to the patients.
This article researched the competency of new graduate nurses. “Nursing competence is not only a professional standard described by the American Nurses Association but also a Joint Commission requirement” (Theisen & Sandau, 2013). Competency is defined as the ability to do something successfully or efficiently; however, educators believe competency extends beyond skills. There is a strong push for nurse residency programs or nursing orientation programs. Incorporating these programs in more hospitals would increase new graduate nurse’s competency skills, as well as lower the rates of turnovers for new nurses. “Because of the complexity of defining competence, an emphasis on the expectations of new graduate nurses must be introduced at the beginning of a nurse’s career” (Theisen & Sandau, 2013). After gathering several studies from databases and search engines, several competencies important for new graduates were identified. The six competencies identified include: communication, leadership, organizations, critical thinking, specific situations, and stress management. Nurses identified communication as a weakness for ...
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... use of critical thinking skills, and provide as much feedback as possible. If there is use of simulation, educators should use debriefing to enhance the use of simulation.
With patient acuity on the rise and an increase in nursing jobs, it is no surprise that new graduate nurses are being hired to fill these spots. Hiring a new graduate nurse comes with the chance that they are less developed in communication, leadership, organization, critical thinking, handling specific situations, and stress management. However, these weaknesses could be addressed by nurse residency programs, simulation, debriefing, and the use of a mentor.
Theisen, J. L., & Sandau, K. E. (2013). Competency of New Graduate Nurses: A Review of Their Weaknesses and Strategies for Success. Journal Of Continuing Education In Nursing, 44(9), 406-414. doi:10.3928/00220124-20130617-38