Mirror neuron research is arguably one of the biggest breakthroughs in psychological and biological brain research, and the understanding of how our cognitive motor skills work within the past decade. Mirror neurons have found aid in the way we understand what happens around us, and how we interpret information to help in our survival. Mirror neurons have also been discovered to help in the explanation of autism, and the evolution of speech, along with providing explanation for the reason our brain can understand what we see. Psychologists, neurologists, and philosophers have always been puzzled by how we, as humans, can interpret what it is that they are looking at, and the answer to the question of “how,” is mirror neurons. Physiologist, V.S.
New technologies such as Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or FMRI, allow researchers to study the brain at a level which was never thought possible. This noninvasive procedure allows researchers to visualize brain structure and function, at both the molecular and whole brain level (A.) Scientists are now able to better understand neural networks and a variety of other cognitive processes. For the first time in human history, extremely complex wonders of the brain are being uncovered. Psychiatric diseases, human emotion, personality traits, and many other phenomena that were once mysteries are now being deeply analyzed and understood.
Out of the numerous fascinating concepts covered in this course I found that neural plasticity and memory were two of the most interesting and personally relevant topics. Neural plasticity involves the brains ability to reorganize neural circuits to better adapt to physical or environmental changes. This course primarily covered plasticity with regards to recovering from physical damage to the brain as well as the initial development of the brain and how environmental factors influence this process. With brain damaged victims, neural recovery is almost always apparent; this occurs through either the growth of new axons and dendrites if the cell body remains intact, or a heightened sensitivity of surviving neurons. When axons cannot regrow
Firstly, the cerebrum is capable of neuroplasticity. This is the potential that the brain has to reorganize itself by creating new neural pathways to adapt based on its and the body’s needs. Because of neuroplasticity, the brain is able to recover lost function by activating inherent stem cells that are found around the ventricles to regenerate replacement cells (Drubach, 2000). Secondly, the extensive network of blood vessels in the cerebrum allows nutrients to be delivered efficiently and waste materials to be eliminated efficiently as well. Thirdly, the cerebrum has a high volume (around 75%) of reserve cells, which serve as back up for the restoration of functions after an injury.
Interviewing skills are vital to be an effective case management worker. There are many benefits that come with possessing strong interviewing skills, for instance, knowing what questions to ask and when to ask the questions. More importantly strong interviewing skills can help you to get the client to open up and elaborate on their responses. However, you are also able to differentiate between the approach you take when conducting an interview with a kid as a oppose to an adult. Interviewing skills probably are one of the most important skills you can posse as a social worker, because you need information in order to help your client, therefore, the better you are at it the easier your task will be.
This will help us comprehend how we think, how we learn, and how we remember. He goes on to say, “Until now we have only been able to see a static version of the brains, but the challenge is how do we go from static to dynamic?” Scientist Thomas Insel, William Newsome, Story Landis, Cornelia Bargmann, and Nobel Prize winner Eric Kandel discuss The Brain Initiative with journalist Charlie Rose, and its place in contributing to our every day lives. The scientists in charge of this initiative are very accomplished and reputable. Thomas Insel is a scientist of the National Institue of Mental Health. He has held talks about how devices such as computers or smartphones could be use to diagnosed and treat mental disorders.
Injury, disease or abnormal structure of the brain will greatly affect one's behaviour, emotional regulation, mental processes and functioning. The brain will respond to any trauma, injury or abnormality to accommodate the dysfunction. During this response, the brain will physically change, the process called neuroplasticity, and attempt to "rewire" the brain to return to normal functioning. In the treatment of many cases as previously discussed, the aim was to reconnect neurons and the theory of neuroplasticity was the foundation behind it.
Researchers have proven that if someone has a variant of a longevity gene, KLOTHO, they are more likely to have induced mental cognitive behavior. This behavior may include improved brain skills, thinking, learning and being able to grasp concepts quicker, and an increase in memory. Science has shown that the person’s age, gender, or risk for contracting Alzheimer’s disease is irrelevant in this study. Dena Dubal, M.D., Ph.D., who is an assistant professor of neurology at the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) believes that this opens the door towards many research opportunities as well as allows doctors and scientists to aid the numerous people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease by enhancing the brain’s ability to function. The KLOTHO gene is basically the groundwork of a protein consisting of cells from the kidney, placenta, small intestine, and prostate.
“Anatomically and functionally, the brain is the most complex structure in the body. It controls our ability to think, our awareness of things around us, and our interactions with the outside world” (Mattson Porth, 2007, p. 823). Carol Mattson Porth described it the best; the brain is the control room in our body. The brain is the organ in our skull that tells the rest of our body what to do; our lungs to breath, our eyelids to blink, and our heart to pump blood are just a couple examples of bodily functions our brain controls. And although those controls stay constant throughout life, the brain matures and develops new tricks.
Memory Storage Requires Neuronal Remodeling In introducing the term synapse, a researcher by the name of Charles Sherrington speculated that synaptic alterations might be the basis of learning and memory storage, anticipating an area of research that to this day is one of the most intensive efforts in all of neuroscience (Alberini, 2011). Modern ideas about neural plasticity have their origins in the theories of Donald Hebb, who proposed that when a pre-synaptic and a post-synaptic neuron are repeatedly activated together, the synaptic connection between them will become stronger and more stable in order to form long term memories. Ensembles of neurons, or cell assemblies, linked via synchronized activity of these Hebbian synapses, could then act together to store long-term memory traces. It was this idea that would eventually be confirmed in various brain tissues, including the hippocampus. Most current theories of the cellular basis of learning and memory storage focus on plasticity of the structure and physiological functioning of synapses (Bays, Wu, & Husain, 2011).