When you were a kid did you dream of being an astronaut? Did you what to go to the moon? Like many people this dream was a goal in this research paper I will prove that this dream became a reality to be the best at ones goals and see them through. President Kennedy showed us all he was a hero by getting America to support the American space program, and get three heroes on the moon. On October 4, 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite and caught America and the whole world off guard.
The USSR’s Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space, as he orbited around the earth for just over an hour. Three weeks later, The US sent Alan Shepard into space, though he never achieved orbit. The current president at this time was John F. Kennedy, who famously stated that he would send an American to the moon. On May 25 of 1961 Kennedy changed the final goal of the Space Race, “I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth.” An Uneasy Dallas The year is 1963, Adlai Stevenson, the Ambassador to the United Nations travels to Dallas, Texas, for United Nations Day. Stevenson gives a speech at the Dallas Memorial Auditorium, following his speech, a mass of right wing protestors gather.
Sadly, Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, which was two years after his goal was announced. His death sparked a new fire as America worked as one to get a man to the moon, one step at at time. The two space programs that were involved in the Space Race were NASA, which stands for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Soviet Space Program. NASA was established by Dwight D. Eisenhower on July 29th, 1958. It funded and oversaw all the American space missions during the Space Race, and is still running today, which helps preserve the history NASA had.
Recently, NASA has been spending billions of dollars in researching our second nearest planet, Mars. In understanding the scientific importance that such research can mean, the United States is justified in spending this money on NASA space missions to Mars. President John F. Kennedy said in 1961 that he believed that the United States could put a man on the moon before the end of the decade. Unfortunately, he never lived to see this prophetic feat performed. But in July of 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped foot on the moon before live audiences around the world.
The pilot of Gemini 10, Collins spent near an hour and a half outside of the craft on a spacewalk and became the first person to meet another spacecraft in orbit ("Apollo 11 Mission"). Apollo 11 was launched into space on the morning of July 16, 1969, at 9:32 a.m. by a Saturn 5 rocket from Launch Pad 39A. People lined the highway and crowded the beaches near the launch site. Also, millions, including President Richard Nixon watched the event on live television. NASA had been preparing for this mission for almost a decade, and now three men were safely entering the atmosphere on their way to the moon (“Apollo 11 Mission”).
Effects of the Moon Walk On July 21, 1969 three men impacted the world in a big way. Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin were not the first men to travel in space but they were the first to walk on the moon. Eight years previously, President John F. Kennedy made a speech to the people of the United States that it should be a national goal to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade. During the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union were a “who’s bigger and better” contest with each other and space exploration was a part of that. The Soviet Union had begun the space race in 1957 with the launch of Sputnik I, an artificial satellite.
There is a high set of values to be exemplified. What happened on July 20, 1969, was undoubtedly one of mankind’s greatest achievements. Just eight years earlier, in May 1961, John Kennedy had challenged the nation to “landing a man on the Moon and return him safely to the Earth” by decade's end (Chaikin, 1.) The purpose was simple: Space was the new battleground of the Cold War, and the Soviet Union was in the lead when in April 1961, when Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human to orbit the earth. This was an embarrassment for the Kennedy administration, save the Bay of Pigs (Chaikin, 2.)
It took a monumental effort by the National Air and Space Administration (NASA) and billions of dollars to reach this point. The Apollo Missions’ accidents, successes, and space leadership have drastically changed America’s space program. On the 25th of May, President Kennedy shocked the nation with his historical speech to put an American on the moon before the decade was out. “We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard!” Kennedy announced. In the rest of his speech he challenged the Nation’s smartest minds to build a rocket capable of lifting a man to the Moon and returning him safely to the earth.
When John Glenn took off in the Mercury-Atlas 6 rocket, named Friendship 7, he made history. It was less then one year after the challenge of John F. Kennedy to place a man on the moon. The flight lasted for only 04 hours, 55 minutes and 23 seconds. Still in that short time John Glenn went around earth three times, and became an American hero. The Mercury project was finished with the launch of the Mercury-Atlas 9 rocket, named Faith 7, launched May 15,1963.
The 1969 Moon Landing: A Giant Leap for Mankind For centuries, mankind has wanted to explore outside the world we live in and into outer space. The idea of landing on the moon seemed impossible. Defeating all odds on July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong, 38 years of age, made what many thought impossible, possible. He landed a spacecraft named the Eagle on the moon, and explored its surface with Edwin Aldrin. This event captured attention throughout the world.