To be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, an individual must have a significantly low body weight due to food restriction as well as an unjustifiably acute fear weight gain. The patient must also possess a warped perception of their body, place a high value on weight or shape, or are in denial about their unhealthy condition (Comer, 2013). Many suffering from anorexia nervosa spend time thinking and reading about food (Comer, 2013). Anorexic patients tend to severely overestimate body size and have beliefs that support abstaining from ingesting food due to maladaptive thinking patterns (Comer, 2013). Sleep disruption conditions occur with Anorexia Nervosa (Comer, 2013).
"Introduction to Eating Disorders." Eating Disorders (Anorexia, Bulimia, Binge Eating) Professional Treatment, & Help. N.p., 2 Feb. 2007. Web. 26 Mar.
Trace, S.E., Baker, J.H., Peñas-Lledó, E., Bulik, C.M. (2013). The genetics of eating disorders. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 9, 589-620. Wilson, G.T., & Zandberg, L.J.
Depression and abuse may be a factor as well. Approximately fifty percent of those with eating disorders meet the criteria for depression. Those with either one of these disorders usually begin after a period of dieting. They have a fear of weight gain, so they exercise excessively. The main focus of this disorder is food.
Dying to be Thin Anorexia and bulimia are the most common eating disorders today. They are both psychological disorders with an obsession of food and weight. There are many misconceptions in today’s society about anorexia and bulimia. Mainly that they are the same disorder, nevertheless they are not, they are very different. Anorexia and bulimia are serious, life threatening eating disorders that affect millions of people every year, however their differences in symptoms, effects, and treatment might surprise you.
Anorexia, meaning without appetite according to Random History, is an eating disorder where one fears gaining weight, so one self-starves (Rust). Bulimia, the more advanced stage of anorexia, consists of a rapid consumption of food followed by purging attempts using laxatives, excessive exercise, and self-induced vomiting (Rust). Binge-eating, on the other hand, is when one periodically goes on a long binge but does not vomit afterwards (Rust). This eventually leads to obesity. Eating disorders may cause physical and emotional complications.
Binge eating is an old problem, whose frequency is on the rise thanks to our culture's obsession with being thin, which is in direct conflict to our love of high-fat junk food. . What Causes Binge Eating Disorder Binge-eating disorder is probably the most common illness faced by those struggling with eating disorders. Binge eating disorder probably affects 2% of all adults (Web MD, 2011). The exact causes of this illness are still unknown.
They may diet or exercise too much or use other ways to lose weight. (Parks 22). Bulimia is an illness in which a person binges on food or has regular episodes of overeating and feels a loss of control. The person then uses different methods, such as vomiting or abusing pills to prevent weight gain. Initial symptoms of anorexia include an obsession with food and dieting, weight loss, dizziness and fainting, and a pale, sickly appearance.
The inability to deal with change during this time often leads to anorexia, bulimia, or compulsive overeating. The American Academy of Family Physicians (2003) states, “People with anorexia starve themselves, avoid high-calorie foods and exercise constantly.” The person suffering from anorexia is abnormally sensitive about being fat or has a massive fear of becoming fat. Low self esteem and a constant need for acceptance commonly is seen in anorexics. Michel and Willard (2003) contend the most prevalent characteristic with this disorder is reduced calorie intake. The initial need to lose just a few pounds is somewhere forgotten and the cycle of the disorder takes over.
Breaking Down Disorders Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by a strong desire to lose, or not to gain weight through starvation. This can be caused by the victim’s distorted view of their own body image. The two generalized types are: strict diet and exercise, and binging and purging (Martini, Nath, Bartholomew, 2012). Bulimia nervosa is categorized by episodic binge eating that is followed by guilt, depression, and self-condemnation (Martini, Nath, Bartholomew, 2012). These emotions noted are usually followed by attempts to lose weight by way of self-induced vomiting, laxatives, dieting, and or fasting.