Negative Effects Of Crime

1608 Words7 Pages
According to a functionalist perspective, crime has always existed and plays a key role in society (Mooney, Knox, and Schact, 2007). Due to this, society has always been looking at ways to punish criminals and deter crime. It was not until the 1700’s that the prison system emerged as a new form to not only punish criminals for their actions but also to protect society from violent offenders. While it is easy to say that prisons are effective because they remove the offender from society there are also an overwhelming number of negative factors for the offender and society. There has been a plethora of research conducted by social scientists over the years that reinforces the notion that criminal activity is a common occurrence among the youth…show more content…
This separation could have a negative influence on the young offender because they are not learning about societal norms, they are not receiving an education with other youth their age who are not offenders, and upon release they may be unsuitable for any employment due to their lack of education as well as their criminal record. Griffiths (2014) states that there is a strong correlation between delinquency and school failure. Having this knowledge, we can conclude that if, after release, the youth is unable to become successful in school they will be more likely to return to delinquency. According to Aizer (2013), custody interrupts the time the youth would be spending in their regular school which could lead to an increased chance that the youth would choose to drop out of school after release. Moreover, Zach Beauchamp (2013) reiterates the ideas presented by Aizer, making the claim that in a study of youth who went to prison and those who did not, those who spent time in prison were less likely to graduate high school and also more likely to commit crimes in adulthood. Social bond theory does an excellent job at describing the positive influence of school and having commitments to the community. This theory stipulates that those who lack social bonds (such as school, family ties, religious beliefs, extracurricular or…show more content…
A theory that has been developed to understand this is known as the professionalization of crime. This theory stipulates that criminals upon release from prison have a more advances skill set that enables them to become better criminals, thus defeating the reformation goal of prisons (Neminski, 2013). Therefore, prisons are not successful if they allow criminals to be released from prison, only to return. This results in overcrowding and increased costs on tax-payers. Whether one goes to prison or not is a major determinant of whether they will later move on to become a professionalized criminal because, especially youth who are given adult sentences, they are surrounding by inmates with more experience who generally share their criminal techniques (Neminski, 2013) The juvenile can become socialized in a negative way that may lead to a return to a criminal lifestyle and to be more successful as criminals when they are released (Neminski, 2013). Moreover, Neminski states that offenders who return to prison on average were
Open Document