Near Death Experiences

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Near Death Experiences is a controversial phenomenon that has been debated among researchers, physicians, and the general public. The debate is whether or not what people think they experience is real or if it can to be explained by science. There are twelve characteristics of these experiences that are frequently experienced across the board including out of body experiences which lead to the questions: Does the conscious require the brain, or is it a separate entity that can exist and function on its own? Is there really life after death? Skeptics will answer in the negative and offer many possible explanations, but I can find no good explanation that can account for many of the experiences people have during an NDE.
The research I will refer to uses a very specific parameter for people to be used in the studies. They are near death when they are clinically dead, have no heartbeat, are not breathing, or they are so physically compromised that they will die if their condition does not improve. Often they are unconscious at this point. Their experience has to occur at this point of near-death and it must be lucid and not fragmented memories. All of these conditions must be met in order for the experience to be considered a true near-death experience. Although everyone’s experience is different, there are twelve elements that occur during a near-death experience. Not all of them occur in each experience, but those that do occur generally happen in the order I will describe them. (Long and Perry, 2011, 5-6)
The first element is the out-of-body experience. In this experience, some element of consciousness seems to separate from the physical brain. Some people experience floating upward and watching the scene from above....

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