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Navajo-Hopi Lande Dispute

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Navajo-Hopi Lande Dispute

When first considering the Navajo-Hopi land dispute as a topic of research, I anticipated a relatively light research paper discussing the local skirmishes between the two tribes. However, my research has yielded innumerable volumes of facts, figures and varying viewpoints on a struggle that has dominated the two tribes for over 100 years. The story is an ever-changing one, evolving from local conflict to forcible relocation to big business interests. The incredible breadth of the dispute's history makes it impossible to objectively cover the entire progression from all viewpoints. I will therefore focus on current issues - and their historical causes - facing the two tribes as they mutually approach a "common ground" on problems now facing both sides. I will also offer my own insight on the current state of affairs and the possible resolution to the dilemma plaguing 5 generations.

The recent history of the land dispute has its origins in 1882 when President Chester A. Arthur issued an executive order creating the ̃3.5 million acre Hopi reservation; one degree latitude by one degree longitude, hence its original square shape. The executive order was intended to alleviate local land conflicts among the tribes and to establish a protected homeland for the Hopi. Instead, it effectively set the stage for a convoluted century-long dispute.

From 1882 on, no real problems occurred until one of the world's densest deposits of accessible coal - representing about $10 billion in revenue - was discovered in the 1950s beneath land occupied by both tribes (Wood 1999), an area later established as the "joint-use area" (JUA) in 1962. While the JUA existed in relative peace, the technical prob...

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...deler. June.

Dougherty, John

1997 Dark Days on Black Mesa. Phoenix NewTimes April 30.

Eichstaedt, Peter H.

1994 If You Poison Us : Uranium and Native Americans. Santa Fe : Red Crane Books.

Kammer, Jerry

1987 The second long walk : the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute. Albuquerque : University of New Mexico Press.

Kelly, Matt

1997 Land Dispute Still Embroils Navajos, Hopis. The Columbian September 15.

Monestersky, Marsha

1997 Chronology of the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute. Electronic document. http://www.applicom.com/vbm/Chron.htm

Redhouse, John.

1985 Geopolitics of the Navajo Hopi Land Dispute.

Albuquerque, N.M. : Redhouse/Wright Prod.

Wood, Daniel B.

1999 Caught in a tangled web of US-Indian History. Christian Science Monitor January 26.
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