Nature vs Nurture: Do Genes Or Environment Matter More?

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Nature versus nurture has emerged as one of the most heated debates in the 21st century. It is more aligned towards the internal and external factors that comprise human beings behavior. The internal factors are innate and perceived to be genetically revolved as opposed to the external factors that are influenced by the environment and individuals’ experiences. However, scholars in different fields have researched on the relationship between nature and nurture without due success and this has created gaps for further research on this topic. This context will review academic sources to scrutinize their bone of contention on this matter as well as criticize them for their shortcomings in addressing this topic.

In Bryner Jeanna (2006) in her book, “Nature vs. Nurture: Mysteries of Individuality Unraveled” a publication by Live Science, critical questions arise to challenge if some occurrences are based on genetic inheritance or as a result of mere coincidence. Things like talent, intelligence and personality come to the forefront of their discussion as to weather they are inherited or acquired through environmental exposure and experience (Bryner). In her view, these questions have posed many challenges to philosophy, psychology and genetics.

In an effort to ascertain their claims, twin studies were used. The purpose of the study was to determine whether genes play a significant role in influencing some common behaviors such as addiction, violence and talent. In addition, the possibility of genes as contributing factors to diseases was also investigated. Through research, it was realized that smoking was influenced by a gene known as CYP2A6 which varied among individuals (Bryner). Along the same line of argument, alcoholism also ...

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Mullen, John. “Nature, Nurture, and Individual Change.” Cambridge Center for behavioral studies, 34 (2006): 1-17.

Plomin, Robert and Asbury, Kathryn. “Nature and Nurture: Genetic and Environmental Influences on Behavior.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Sage Publications, Inc 600 (2005): 86-98.

ScienceDaily. Beyond Nature Vs. Nurture: Parental Guidance Boosts Child's Strengths, Shapes Development. ScienceDaily, 2010.
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