In some cases nature can be a severe disadvantage to children because they have no hand in deciding their genome. People cannot pick and choose their genes in order to be flawless genetically. A prime example of the negative effects of nature would be mentally challenged children. Many times, children are born with these handicaps. In some cases they inherit the genes that cause them to be developmentally challenged.
A baby girl was born premature, a repercussion of the heavy drugs her mother had been using for quite some time. Abandoned by her parents, she was taken by foster care as soon as she was old enough to survive without her mother. For two long years she was starved by her first foster family because they thought she was “too fat”. Sometimes this babys social worker would allow her grandma to visit, and she would bring food to her helpless two year old granddaughter who was so malnourished that she would eat and eat until she threw up. Meanwhile her mother worked to changed her life around, but even years after she sobered up, she could not get custody back.
Evidence for the negative impact of neglect on early cognitive and academic development was broght by early American studies. One observational longitudinal study followed the development of 267 children whose mothers presented high risk for parental problems (Egeland & Sroufe, 1981 as cited in Hildyard & Wolfe, 2002). At 2 years of age, physically neglected children were more frustrated and angry in problem-solving tasks than nonmaltreated and other maltreated children. Two years later, these children showed poor impulse control and creativity when confronted with a problem-solving task (Hildyard ... ... middle of paper ... ...tory of abuse and neglect in early childhood is also associated with running away from home (Kaufman and Widon, 1999 as cited in Hildyard & Wolfe, 2002), high-risk for delinquency (Widon, 2001 as cited in Hildyard & Wolfe, 2002) and risk for personality disorders in early adulthood (Johnson et al., 1999 as cited in Hildyard & Wolfe, 2002). The child-parent relationship is expected to be protective, supportive and nurturing.
According to Herrenkohl, “Research shows that various forms of early adversity, including child abuse and child neglect (child maltreatment), can carry long-term developmental consequences for children (Herrenkohl)”. Some adults do not understand the needs of their children. Some parents’ growing up may not had any good care as a child, and may think it is okay to treat their kids the same way. The effects of child neglect are health and physical effect, social and behavioral effect, emotional and psychological effect, intellectual and cognitive effect, and the child adulthood. Children are at an increased risk for emotional behavioral problems regardless if they were directly abused or not (Foundation).
Schorr’s last marriage was to Jennifer Schorr. Mr. Schorr states that the two were married for six years and the two divorced after Jennifer alleged that he sexually molested their daughter Madison. Mr. Schorr states that he and Jennifer have three children together, Madison (10), Levi (9), and Michael (8). Mr. Schorr reports that he and Jennifer met while he was playing billiards at a bar and Jennifer’s mother introduced her to Mr. Schorr and later insisted that he drive her home because she was under the influence of alcohol. Six weeks later, he states that they got married and began having children.
When Branda began using drugs at nineteen her family attempted to help her. At age twenty, her grandmother for bringing drugs into the house kicked her out. Branda began blaming everyone for her trouble. Finally, three months after being kicked out, she asked her parents for help and they had her go to drug rehab. Branda’s family on both sides shows mental illness.
Around this time, Lee had given birth to another daughter ( Winfrey's half sister) she died at age 43 because of a cocaine addiction. After that tragic incident Oprah was sent to live with her dad in Nashville, Tennessee. While Oprah was living in Nashville, her mom gave birth to a 3rd child, also she gave birth to a boy named Jeffrey who later died of AIDS related causes in 1989. At 9 years old Oprah stated that she was molested by her cousin, uncle and a family friend. Oprah didn't want be a mother because she wasn't mothered well.
In the time of her living with her mother, Oprah was first sexually abused by a nineteen year old cousin while he was babysitting her. Then again by another cousin, a family friend, her mother's boyfriend, and her uncle during her stay. Oprah was sworn into silence by all of the predators that abuse her. At the age of 13 she ran away from home because of her past experiences of abuse. When she turned 14 she disc... ... middle of paper ... ...sociation of the United States of America—Global Humanitarian Action Award.
She had an inappropriate sexual relationship with her brother, Keith. At 14 years old, Aileen becomes pregnant. There are various stories as to who the father is but it is believed that a friend of her grandfather sexually abused and raped her. The pregnancy resulted. She kept the pregnancy a secret and was sent to a home for unwed mothers to give birth.
On 1929, Billie also moved to Harlem to become a prostitute. Billie was fourteen when she was prostitute for $5 per client. Unfortunately, the... ... middle of paper ... ... they would agree that Holiday does not obey through the social norms. The law stated that prostitution is an illegal, yet we see Holiday and her mother fail to obey the law. As a consequence, they get arrested and sentenced to prison for a certain period of time.