On the other hand, if nurture is more important, then our experiences are likely to be particularly significant, and we may be able to flexibly alter our personalities over time. Evidently, genetics has a greater influence on a person’s personality than environmental factors and cultural influences. A person’s culture is one of the major environmental factors that shape and help in the development of personality. According to personality psychologist, there are numerous researches done to investigate the variations in personality traits within several cultures. Culture refers to all of the beliefs, customs, ideas, behaviours, and traditions of a particular society that are passed through generations.
Nature verses Nurture encompasses the information concerning inherited and natural environmental foundations. It shows an evolving developmental and genetic upcoming future. Motivation also as nature verses nurture uses inheritances and peripheral behaviors to develop personality. Researchers are extending the knowledge of these ideas, and ideas, such as view of self, the unconscious, development, and maturation. How people progressed and when they have progressed, consecutively shows evidence of chromosomal individualities, and some environmental factors play a part in our personality development.
This essay will discuss the Nature versus Nurture debate, and how twin and adoption studies have influenced on this debate. This is essay will go into support of how over time adoption and twin studies helped form this debate into understanding that both nature and nurture impact development. Adoption studies have played a vital part in the hereditary (Nature) aspect of this debate and twin studies will show support of how the environment (Nurture) still plays a large role within development. Further discussing how both Nature and Nurture jointly play a vital role in human development The debate of Nature versus Nurture also denoted to as heredity versus environment or nativism versus empiricism is one of the most fundamental and age-old theoretical issues within psychology (Bee, 2000). Nature is understood to be the hereditary information established from parents at the time of conception – biological givens (Berk, 2010) and Nurture can be defined as “the complex forces of the physical and social world that influence our biological make-up and psychological experiences before and after birth (Berk, 2010 p.7).
The prevalence of whether personality is influenced by genetic or environmental factors has continued soar over the last few decades. The main aim of this study is to help clarify the doubts of how genes, environment and the gene-environment interaction contribute to every individual’s personality traits. In order to have a clearly view of this argument, a combination of studies and theories have been brought up. These include, the twin studies, the Big Five theory and adoption studies, which supports the genetic view of personality. This is then followed by, the social-cognitive approach, reciprocal determinism and the Five Factor Theory, which supports the environmental view of personality.
Psychologist always try to find out what leads a person to a certain behaviour. On the nature side of view, it is depicted that behaviour is generally inherited and in our genes, it just sometimes needs a trigger from the environment. To understand certain kinds of behaviour and to help find the causes of patterns of behaviour, gene studies are important. The more one understands about how behaviour develops the more it is likely to prevent outbursts and mental problems and the easier it will get to predict certain types of behaviour. In general, it is believed that most personality traits are inherited and therefore genes passed on by the parents and mostly triggered by environmental factors.
Nature refers to genes and biological factors that contribute to our physical appearance or our personality’s. While nurture refers to how one’s environment or upbringing influences their personality. Psychologists that side with nature, debate the influence of hereditary and maturational processes guided by genes (Sigelman & Rider, 2014). Psychologists that adhere more to the nurture debate, feel as if humans change due to environmental factors. Development plays a huge role in the nature vs nurture debate, because development has been proven to stem from biological factors as well as environmental factors.
One example would be intelligence. The nature (biology) would be the family genetics which put you at a genetic potential to perform. There are also nurture (environmental) concerns such as good diet and exercise which can also affect intelligence. Another way that they interact is the development of a baby. It is the nature which is responsible for developing for a healthy fetus.
Following this will be a discussion on twin studies to compare genetic influences to environmental influences. Finally it will consider environmental and parental influences and genetic inheritability in regards to the Five Factor Model. Environmental influences can be divided between shared and non-shared environments (reference). Both environments and genetic inheritability can contribute to an individual’s personality traits. Although an individual’s environment plays a crucial role in an individual’s personality development, genetic inheritability factors play a greater role in the way an individual will act in an environment (Bouchard Jr, 1994).
Therefore, policy makers need to structure regulations that support the benefits of HGE, they can do this by assessing the impact of HGE on the entire human population. HGE has an advantageous future for the human population in regards to our ability to fight disease and adapt to potential environmental changes. However, for this prediction to be accurate, regulations need to be set by policy makers that endorse the use of HGE for the benefit of the collective instead of the individual. Word Count: 1250 Works Cited 1. Powell R, Kahane G, Savulescu J. Evolution, genetic engineering, and human enhancement.
The nature versus nurture debate seeks to establish the extent of the role that inherited and environmental factors play in a person’s development in each of these areas. Developmental theories tend to support the nature view. They hold that as individuals age, they progress through distinct stages of development (Charlesworth, 2011). Although there may be variation in the amount of time an individual spends at any particular stage, all individuals will move through the same set of stages (Charlesworth, 2011). This sequential and global view of development is based on biological principles and represents the nature side of the debate.