Nature Tourism: The Disadvantages And Characteristics Of Ecotourism

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Africa. The tourists mainly hail from highly industrialized countries seeking natural destinations which are undisturbed. This influx has mainly contributed by the availability of information for the interested tourists. The other reason explaining the extensive interest in ecotourism is the awareness spreading of the weakness of the ecosystems and environmental degradations happening in the world (WTO 1994; Ceballos-Lascuráin 1996).few tourist in the real sense take holidays with an objective to explore only nature therefore ecotourism still retains a small market segment. Although in the recent times tourist include a component of nature in their holiday tours and even move on to select an environmental-friendly approach to the tourism development…show more content…
Goodwin (1996) describes nature tourism as an encompass of all forms of tourism (mass tourism, adventure tourism, low-impact tourism, ecotourism) which take use of natural resources in a wild or undeveloped environment. Nature tourism is therefore visiting and enjoying the views of undeveloped natural areas or wildlife. On the other hand, ecotourism is described as a low impact form of tourism contributing to maintenance of available species and their habitats either through contribution or through support of the local people to protect and value their natural environment and wildlife heritage as an income source (Fennell, 1999). Ecotourism is a segment of nature tourism with a broad spectrum of activities related to nature. It involved in activities such as seeking for rare species or participating in volunteer jobs for the purpose of scientific research for example an earth watch tour. Ecotourism is not equivalent to nature tourism and all other types of tourism due to its responsible nature and conservation of the environment which is a benefit to the local composition of the theory of ecology nah the philosophy involving sustainable…show more content…
However the first major step forward undertaken by Hong Kong in the ecotourism sector was the establishment of the Hong Kong Global Geo park of China. The2009-2010 and 2011-2012 Policy Addresses described the government of Hong Kong intentions to develop ecotourism with the Geopark’s development was to use it as a model for further future development. The Hong Kong Geopark was officially opened in the month of November, 2009 (Ng & Choi, 2010). The main aim of the creators of the (Association for Geo conservation) was to enable it be established as the National Geopark of China which would eventually lead to global recognition to be a Global Geopark by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (D. Tang, personal communication, January 20, 2012; C. Choi, personal communication, February 7, 2012). The Hong Kong Geopark later received national recognition in China in the same year it was established and also became a Global Geopark in the month of September 2011(EPD, 2011b).The Hong Kong Global Geopark made up of two main regions further broken up into four sites within each of the region. Tourism is the main focus for creation of Global Geoparks as they are a key aspect of social, local and economic development. A Geopark as defined in the UNESCO website, “stimulates economic activity

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