Naturalist writing portrays individuality within a character allowing one to obtain humanistic themes from these literary works. Naturalists utilize mundane monotonous lives and reveal the heroine within, when all (environment, opportunities, intuition) seems out of control. This type of literature was found relatable during the rapid urbanization and naturalization after the Civil War, where many in bustling developing cities suffered from poverty and its poorly prevented consequences. The American naturalist movement was important due to the introduction of themes involving popular apprehension during this time period including; man vs. nature, man vs. society, sex trade, wasted potential due to uncontrollable forces, and man’s animalistic features such as basic instincts. Naturalism is a literary movement that developed into a literary style consisting of determinism, objectivity, and pessimism, all in efforts to portray the humanistic perspective in themes and characters. Naturalism and realism are tremendously similar in literary style but their slight difference in details, such as environment and instincts, commence a dramatic effect in the author’s portrayal of the underlying themes. Realist literature developed in mid-19th century France in effort to progress toward literature not consisting of neoclassic romanticism. In this effort, literary works developed into characters and settings that are relatable to the audience, much like the compatibility of naturalism and the readers of its time period during industrialization. Even to this day, when people search for an enticing book to read, it is presumed that fictional novels that are relatable would be more appealing to the audience. However, unlike naturalism, realism ... ... middle of paper ... ...Edownment for the Humanities. Crane, London, and Literary Naturalism. 29 February 2011 . Nestvold, Ruth. Literature at the Turn of the Century (1890-1918). 2001. February 28 2011 . Smith, Nicole. "Sister Carrie" by Theodore Dreiser: Naturalism, Capitalism and the Urban Sea. 2010. 05 March 2011 . The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Dreiser, Theodore. 2007. 10 March 2011 . Turney, Wayne S. Notes on Naturalism in the Theatre. 28 February 2011 . Vanouse, Donald. Stephen Crane (1871-1900). 01 March 2011 .
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Perkins, Geroge, and Barbara Perkins. The American Tradition in Literature. 12th ed. Vol. 2. New York: McGraw Hill, 2009. Print
Perkins George, Barbara. The American Tradition in Literature, 12th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2009. Print
Meyer, Michael, ed. The Bedford Introduction to Literature. 8th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2008. Print.
Naturalism is used to demonstrate that humans are insignificant in the cycle of nature. Steinbeck demonstrates naturalism through the structure and characterizations of his novella. Steinbeck’s novella comes full circle and ends like it begins in order to demonstrate that humans are insignificant to the cycle of nature. As a naturalist writer Steinbeck regards human behavior as controlled by instinct, emotion, or social and economic conditions. Also Steinbeck emphasizes naturalistic qualities in his characters in order to demonstrate naturalisms effect on people.
Important aspects of naturalism are the ideas that people are essentially animals responding to their basic urges without rational thought, and the insignificance of man to others and nature. In The Jungle, Sinclair portrays Jurgis as a man slowly changing into animal as well as a man whose actions are irrelevant to the rest of the corrupt capitalist world of Chicago in order to show the reader the naturalist ideas of the struggles between man and society.
During the 1840s and the 1910s began two writing movements in American Literature that made Americans view reality in a whole new way. Realism and naturalism played a huge role in that era. Each writer had a style that captivated the audience’s interest, and sparked up an image of the story’s idea. Main authors like Stephen Crane, Kate Chopin, Jack London, Mark Twain, and Ambrose Bierce could be classified as a realist or a naturalist, by how they explain their views in their stories.
...senblatt, Jon Twentieth Century Literature; Spring79, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p21, 16p Academic Search Complete Ebesco. Web. 25 July 2011
When Jack London wrote "To Build a Fire" he embraced the idea of naturalism because it mirrored the events of daily life. Naturalism showed how humans had to be wary at every corner because at anytime death could be there, waiting for them to make a mistake and forfeit their lives. He used naturalism, the most realistic literary movement, to show how violent and uncaring nature really is and how no matter what you do nature will always be there. London also presented the basic idea of Darwinism and the survival of the fittest, basically if you are dumb you will die. Collectively, London used naturalism to show how in life, humans can depend on nothing but themselves to survive. "To Build a Fire" is a short story that embodies the idea of naturalism and how, if one is not careful, nature will gain the upper hand and they will perish.