Native American Movement Essay

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The Native American Movement in the United States originated from a sense of inferiority and inequality. They were only given citizenship in 1924 but even into the mid 1940s, they were still not treated as full class Americans. In the 1950s, a sense of Indian Nationalism spread among the natives and they began forming groups to promote change for their community. With groups such as AIM, the NCAI and the NIYC heading the movement, they were able to receive a bit of the independence they craved. In 1961, Red Power was coined by the National Indian Youth Council and demonstrations were rampant. The movement notably flourished right after the 1960s Civil Rights Movement, spawning due to a renewed sense of a struggle to let the U.S. follow up on their promises to the native people (Faville). In the summer of 1968, a frustrated group of Native Americans came together for a meeting on discrimination, discussing critical issues surrounding their circumstances. This group, AIM, helped begin the Native American Movement. Through their efforts, Native Americans helped bring an end to Eisenhower’s termination policy in 1958. They also managed to get President Johnson and President Nixon to grant them liberties to receive some of the independence they’s been striving for for decades. The progress made during this era changed the outlook of Native Americans on . Soon after the spike in Indian Nationalist spirit, the Tuscarora tribe in upstate New York was able to band together and thwart state efforts at turning reservation land into a reservoir in 1959. In 1960, activists watched the progress that other civil rights organizations, such as the NAACP, made in changing the way the government treated minorities. Native Americans sought to change... ... middle of paper ... ..., housing, education, welfare, poverty benefits, and employment. During Nixon’s term, Congress passed his Indian Self-Determination Act that restored the special legal status of Native American tribes. It gave them powers exercised by state governments, some control over federal programs on their land, and increased control over education (Hodder). Spurred on by a new sense of Native American identity and the progress the civil rights movement was making, Native Americans went on to try and gain their independence. With groups such as AIM, the NCAI and the NIYC heading the movement, they were able to receive control over their land and people that the federal government had been in control of for decades before. With the achievements Native Americans have made so far, it is clear that they will not abandon their culture so long as they are aware of their identity.
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