Nationalism And Nationalism

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Albert Einstein once stated, “Nationalism is an infantile disease. It is the measles of mankind.” Often times, nationalism causes specific leaders to impose particular ideologies onto their individuals. In many different regions, such as the Dominican Republic, the nature of nationalism varies on how the patriotic sentiment is imposed and who enforces the nationalistic pride. The ideologies imposed by one nation may, in addition, resemble the history of another nation, causing certain countries to remind others of their pasts. Dictators, such as Rafael Trujillo, promoted nationalism by imposing the importance of particular ideologies that are seen in the history the United States. Throughout The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Diaz, masculinity is the foremost ideology enforced by Rafael Trujillo onto the Dominican Republic. The severity of the implication of certain ideologies, such as masculinity, may not precisely reflect other nations, but the impact that these ideologies have on individuals does. Allowing the imposition of nationalism to enforce ideas of certain ideologies that reflect those of other nations may cause disease among mankind with ideologies that will never diminish. Nationalism seems to plague specific nations by allowing them to demonstrate inimical qualities that were present in the history of other nations, creating “demon children” that will often reflect the negative ideologies of other nations.
Kwame Anthony Appiah, author of Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers (Issues of our Time), believes that ideologies are concepts that can help people learn about others. Cosmopolitanism is defined as “universality plus difference” (Chapter 9). In other words, cosmopolitanism is the idea that a...

... middle of paper ... shadow the masculine image that Trujillo obtained. As seen in The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, those who did not embody the Dominican masculine image were outcasts of their society, often being pressured to change their ways in order to reflect the masculine image that other Dominican males were trying to gain. Those who were the epitome of Dominican masculinity, however, were praised. Ideologies, such as the importance of masculinity, diseases mankind since many different nations learn from others and impose the same ideologies onto their own nations. The parent and child relationship that is seen between the United States and Trujillo may be a factor as to why nationalism is diseasing mankind because the more leaders learn about the ideologies imposed in other nations, the harder it will be to get rid of ideologies that caused harm for certain individuals.

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