Narrative therapy is a change oriented strategy or approach to therapy in which the client is encouraged to tell the story of a particular problem or event. While this in itself is a common practice in therapy, narrative therapy goes deeper into the story to explore the meaning prescribed to these events, and seeks to assist the client in understanding its affect on the present and potential future life and relationships with others. Narrative therapy can be considered change oriented as it allows the client to determine the direction and content discussed, the therapist only guides with questions that we don’t already have an answer to. Narrative therapy treats clients with respect and is careful not to place blame or shame upon …show more content…
A thin description allows little room for varying views and complexities, it does not accommodate contradictions, thus, obscuring other potential meanings. A thin conclusion is the result of connected thin descriptions and is often expressed as the “truth about a person”, the problem thereby becomes a person’s identity. As you can imagine, this could cause isolation, disconnection, and disempowerment. (Morgan,2002) Jill Freedman and Gene Combs described narrative therapy in practice in this way: “Narrative therapist are interested in working with people to bring forth and thicken stories that do not support or sustain problems. As people begin to inhabit and live out the alternative stories, the results are beyond solving problems. Within the new stories, people live out new self-images, new possibilities for relationships and new futures”. …show more content…
Education serves to empower the client and potentially their family (if participating), by providing knowledge about a particular topic. This knowledge can provide alternative coping strategies and a deeper understanding of their problem, illness, or situation. An important aspect of the psychoeducational approach is that it places more responsibility on the client to recognize triggers and symptoms and practice techniques learned for different outcomes. Psychoeducation has its roots in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and you will find that many of the presented lessons are part of CBT. This approach places symptoms, responses, and thought processes in context and provides for processing of complex emotions. It helps clients develop new coping skills that can be practiced in a person’s everyday
Overall this genre of conversational narrative is useful to those who need to “reconstruct and make sense of actual and possible life experiences” (7). There are pieces to a story that may not come as clear to a person who has been through traumatic situations, and storytelling is used to help not only with getting the story straight, but for healing as well.
Together, therapist and patient examine not only a situation that the client was involved in, but also the client’s experience of the event. This is done in the relational context of the therapeutic relationship, allowing experiences to evolve and for deepening and articulation to cause change.
Healing occurs when students are able to externalize their relationship with their factors that are creating problems for them both in and out of the classroom. In Sharf’s (2015) “Theories of Psychotherapy and Counseling: Concepts and Cases” book, she explains how a constructivist does not focus on the origin of the problem, but centers on the external factors in place that stimulate how the student views and approach their problems (p.457). From an SFT perspective, s student had the resources to solve their own problems and the counselor has a role in bringing students in realizing it in solving their problems (p. 457). From a narrative therapy perspective views people’s lives being consumed through narratives that are greatly influenced by culture, environment etc. Changing a narrative via different points of view assist the students to work through their problems (p.466).
The theory that I chose to analyze in this paper is the constructivist approach with a dual use of both the Solution-Focused Therapy (SFT) and Narrative Therapy. In my worldview change happens when an individual is motivated to persist and accomplish their goals. In my own personal philosophy, I am optimistic that every student is capable of discovering a solution that best fits in solving their problem and that everything we do in life is interconnected to helping us accomplish our ideal goals. I plan to work with first generation college students after completing the Educational Counseling program at USC and see the Constructivist approach to best accommodate the needs of first generation college student population. I see every
Stories are created over time through our attempts to connect events in our experiences and derive meaning from them (Morgan, 2000). Maya Angelou once said, “There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you.” Narrative methodologies assume that individuals have a various set of skills, capabilities, beliefs, values, and commitments that will assist them in reducing the inﬂuence of troubles in their lives. During the practice of narrative therapy the client is encouraged to deconstruct and critically appraise their story in search for new meanings (White & Epston, 1990). White (2000) believed that if one can change the way they describe their lives and the events within, there will be a change for the better.
The core concept of narrative therapy is rooted in postmodern theory. This includes having a positive and hopeful view of clients and their power to create change. Also, taking a “not-knowing” stance is essential in order to enhance collaboration between clients and therapist. Narrative Therapy encourages therapists to remain curious and acknowledge
Psyco- education should be one of the primary resources used by therapists to treat their clients. It can change the life of the patient in endless ways. Being educated about their mental illness and how to control it, could give them a better quality life. They would have the knowledge of why they are feeling the way they are, thus, a better self-control of emotions could be reached. The Cognitive Behavioral Therapy worksheets fit in psychoeducation by teaching patients how to express their feelings and through this, find alternative thoughts that could make them feel
For this reason, some of the brief therapies, such as strategic family therapy or solution-focused therapy, that focus on rapid change without much attention to understanding, might be more appropriate. However, I believe these brief therapies do not give clients enough time to really parse out their problem. I am wary of counseling that limits clients’ ability to tell their stories fully, which seems like just one more way of silencing people, oppressing them, and keeping them in line. In working with my clients I want to collectively understand how problem-saturated stories developed, the cultural, familial, or biological factors that might be involved, and the availability of choices. I believe that narrative therapy is the most flexible approach in this respect because although not brief, it is efficient and seems to be effective long-term, although more research is needed, which is challenging because of the subjective nature of this approach (Madigan, 2011). In my therapy practice, I want to leave clients feeling hopeful and liberated by helping them to see the problem as separate from their identities and as only one story to choose from several, and by acknowledging the contextual factors contributing to the
The therapeutic process requires a focus on the emotional experience of clients and involves developing clients’ recognition of their emotional patterns and needs. The exploration of clients’ emotional experiences and establishing “links between self and environment”, plays a pivotal role in the emotional change process. (Greenberg, Rice, & Elliott, 1993, p. 54).
Narrative Therapy was developed to help people separate themselves from their problems. The idea is that this will help the person use the skills that they already possess to minimize the problems that exist in their everyday lives. The Narrative Therapy approach was developed by Social Workers Michael White (Australia) and David Epston (New Zealand) during the 1970s-1980s. “White proclaimed is work to be exclusively that of ‘rich story development’ “(Gallant).
Cook-Cotton, C. (2004). Using Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development to Understand the Construction of Healing Narratives. Journal of College Counseling, 7(2), p.177-186. Retrieved from PsycINFOdatabase.
Motivational interviewing is an important technique and counseling style that was created by William Miller and Stephen Rollnick in the 1980’s. The brief definition of motivational interviewing (MI) that is provided by Miller and Rollnick in their influential text is “a collaborative conversation style for strengthening a person’s own motivation and commitment to change” (Miller & Rollnick, 2013). Motivational interviewing is considered to be a style that evolved from client-centered therapy. The style is considered to be empathic but requires the counselor to consciously directive so that they may help their client resolve the ambivalence they are experiencing and direct them towards change. The important thing to note is that client autonomy is key to the process (Hettema, Steele, & Miller, 2005). However, despite being able to currently give a definition of MI, one that could be considered a working definition, motivational interviewing is “a living, evolving method” (Miller & Rollnick, 2009). It will continue to evolve as times change and it is implemented in use with other maladaptive behaviors. MI is a relatively new style that it still has the ability to undergo changes to adapt to what purpose it is serving (Miller & Rollnick, 2009).
This integrative approach focuses mainly on four approaches: psychoanalytic, Adlerian, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and the postmodern approaches. The main focus is on CBT and how psychoanalytic, Adlerian and the postmodern approaches build on this integrative approach. In this integrative approach, the problem at hand is a client dealing with depression. I chose CBT as the main approach because the cognitive thought pattern is an important key for a client and CBT can branch out to other approaches, without interfering with the key concepts.
There are few circumstances counselors have to oblige when dealing issues from clients. Counselors have to be trustworthy; this is a fundamental to understanding and solving issues. Counselors have to keep information gathered confidential and restrict any disclosure of information to anybody. Clients voluntarily seek help to counselors for therapy or any kind of help they need. Hence as a counselor it is important to respect their clients’ self-government and ensure precision in information given. Commitment of a counselor plays a big role in a therapy. It is not ethical for a counselor to neglect a client such that the client’s well being is not taken care of. It is also important for counselors to have a fair treatment with all their clients. No matter how each client will be, there must not be any form of judgment, which will cause any form of unfair